<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Assuring severe retribution, Pakistan Defense Minister Khawaja Asif has asserted that they will kill three Indian soldiers for every Pakistani soldier they neutralise.Speaking in the National Assembly on Friday, Asif said that dire consequences would be faced by India if it went to war against Pakistan.Asserting that the situation at the LoC was intentionally being intensified by the Indian government to win people’s support in the upcoming general elections, the Defense Minister alleged that India was behind terrorism in Pakistan and they have credible evidence against it.”We have sent dossiers and video films to the UN and other countries showing Indian involvement in terrorism in Pakistan,” Asif said.He also accused India of creating hurdles in the way of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) as they were scared that the project would prove a game changer for Pakistan.Acknowledging that Pakistan might be economically weaker than India, Asif said that India knows that once the CPEC is complete, Islamabad will rise stronger. However, he said that Pakistan would try to maintain a balance of power in the region and would not respond to India in any kind.
Pakistan has evinced interest in acquiring the export variant of China’s first fifth-generation fighter aircraft (FGFA). China recently showcased two of its advanced J-20 stealth fighters in a fly-over at an air show in Zhuhai, Guangdong province of China on 1 November 2016. This was the first, public show of the J-20 warplane which is regarded as a major breakthrough for China. The country otherwise mostly relies on Russian aircraft including advanced versions of Sukhois. The Pakistani Air Force also took part in the air show in Zhuhai flying its J-17 Thunder jets which are jointly manufactured by China. Pakistan reportedly is already in talks with China to buy the FC-31 – an export variant of the same aircraft. The FC-31 too was briefly flown in the 2014 Zhuhai air show.
The Zhuhai air show was a weeklong affair and the J-20 flew for the weeklong show every day, taking off from an airfield in nearby Foshan. The J-20 is a long-range radar-evading fighter jet equipped with air-to-air missiles, resembling Lockheed Martin’s F-22 Raptor. China has reportedly built six prototypes of this FGFA. China is also developing the J-31 which is supposed to sequel American F-35 Lightning II. A People’s Liberation Air Force (PLAF) official told the media that the J-20 was not being showcased on ground as public display as visitors could not be permitted to come close because of secrecy, stating, “J-20 contains many of China’s top technologies in stealth aircraft plus other military secrets that include the J-20’s body shape, the proportion of its wing and body and other secrets as aircraft experts can easily calculate its stealth parameters from its exterior.”
India is going in for the development of its own FGFA jointly with Russia. In February this year, India and Russia revived talks on the delayed FGFA project after Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar approved the deal. The fifth-generation fighter jet will be on par with the capabilities of Russia’s PAK-FA T-50 aircraft, a fifth-generation fighter, but since the jet will be designed over the next few years, it is likely to exceed in some specifics, in that it may be more advanced than the present version of Russia’s PAK-FA T-50.
“The agreement has been completed on our end; we are ready to sign it. It is now down to the Indian side. There are some formalities to figure out, but I think it will be signed by the end of this year,” Sergi Chemezov, CEO of Russia’s Rostech State Corporation told The Economic Times. “The FGFA project will produce a state of the art fighter jet, and it will be the result of the work on Russia’s most modern technology done by both Russian and Indian engineers. As Fifth Generation, it means fifth generation speed, ballistics and military equipment, avionics and stealth capabilities among other qualities,” he said.
India and Russia have already inked military deals worth Rs 60,000 crore during the Brics summit held in Goa. Now, Russia is hoping to get another order on FGFA by end of the current year. Under the new offer, India will need to contribute $3.7 billion instead of $6 billion towards technological know-how and some three prototypes of the fighters. During the recent India-Russia Intergovernmental Commission on Military and Technical Cooperation co-chaired by Parrikar and his Russian counterpart Sergei Shoigu the FGFA project and upgrades of SU-31 aircraft in service with the IAF were discussed.
China’s J-20 had earlier made news when its picture covered under a tarpaulin at Daocheng Yading airport in Tibet appeared during September 2016. This raised speculations that this FGFA may be deployed on the India-China border. However, the China Military Online then stated, “it is said that J-20 will be put into service soon but the China-India border is apparently not the ideal place for its deployment”, adding, “In addition, the world’s highest airport there does not have a complete set of supporting facilities and such shortage will impede the function of J-20.” But then the aircraft parked there obviously had come for trials and necessary support and maintenance facilities at high altitude airbases in Tibet can be created concurrent to fielding of the J-20 albeit the China Military Online also commented, “If India is to deploy the BrahMos missile on the China-India border, then the Daocheng Yading airport will likely become its target.”
It is apparent that the FGFA race will be speeding up in the sub-continent over the next few years. The China-Pakistan nexus has shown exponential growth since the PLA has made its strategic lodgment in Gilgit-Baltistan under the pretext of developing hydel projects. This has been further reinforced through the development of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in which China is investing $46 billion; $11 billion by the Chinese government and balance $35 billion by private companies of China. The CPEC is actually the strategic highway of China for land access to the Indian Ocean that is emerging as the centre of gravity of future conflict. Gwadar is coming as a Chinese naval base under the pretext of a trade base or ‘Strategic Support Base’ as China would like to portray.
The IMF and economists have warned that the CPEC may be a debt trap for Pakistan as repayment obligations that come with this investment will be serious. But there should be no doubt that China will see it through because of her own strategic interests, especially given that the Pakistani military hierarchy has more or less acquiesced to let Pakistan become a satellite state of China. That is why China is developing Gwadar port and its infrastructure including airfield through Chinese companies on a gratis basis. Gwadar, together with Pakistani naval bases at Omari and Karachi would give China extended reach and dominance over the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf. Purchase of export version of the Chinese J-20 may draw Pakistan more into the debt trap but then China can always extend soft long-term repayment plan, even lease some of these aircraft for long periods. At the same time, basing of these aircraft flown by PLAF is also very much possible under the pretext of training, exercises etc. India needs to accelerate its proposed FGFA development jointly with Russia.
The author is a veteran Lieutenant General of the Indian Army.
First Published On : Nov 12, 2016 21:46 IST
Dogs, wolves, jackals, coyotes all bark usually because of excitement, fear or in frustration. But when China’s Xinhua says that India generally “barks” about trade imbalance, it actually amounts to China barking in frustration. Since all media in China is state controlled and state directed, the arrogance and conceit displayed in their media reflects the bigoted stance of the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese Government. During Prime Minister Modi’s last visit to China, an oped in China’s Global Times (CCP’s official mouthpiece) stated, “Due to the Indian elite’s confidence in their democracy, and the inferiority of its ordinary people, few Indians are able to treat Sino-Indian ties accurately, objectively and rationally.”
Notice the idiotic reference to Indians as “inferiority of its ordinary people” as if the Chinese were fathered by some superlative aliens — which may well be the misconception considering President Xi Jinping’s recent statement that the moon has proved to be an “inescapable part of China” due to an ancient marriage between Chinese Princess Wen Cheng and an ancient ruler based on the moon during the 7th Century, albeit Jinping didn’t elaborate which moon considering scientists have discovered 1500 galaxies or whether Wen Cheng betrothed alien kings of all the moons.
But getting back to the “bark” of Xinhua, the frustration is writ large because the same Indian population referred to as “inferiority of its ordinary people” has delivered a solid kick to China from totally unexpected quarters – shunning Chinese goods, and this is just the beginning. There is no government directive to not buy Chinese goods but the Indian population is wise enough to understand that by abetting Pakistani terrorism, China herself has become a terrorist state. Indian businessmen see no reason to stock Chinese products even if they are cheaper and one ignores the low grade stuff dumped in India. Signs of shops displaying “we don’t sell Chinese products” are on social media. As per some estimates, sale of Chinese products in last quarter in India have gone down by up to 20 percent. Chinese firecrackers during the festival of Diwali during 2015 were shunned anyway because of their highly toxic emissions, which should be the norm this year too. In fact, the government should consider releasing a white paper giving details of Indian small-scale industries that have been forced to shut down over the years on account of Chinese goods dumped in India.
India has no issue with the Chinese population but why should we buy Chinese products when China is abetting Pakistan’s proxy war on India and in fact uses Pakistani proxies to hurt India in accordance with her ancient strategy to ‘kill with a borrowed knife”; the knife being Pakistan. It is not the recent discovery of Chinese and Pakistani flags in Baramula alone but the China-Pakistan sub-conventional nexus dates back to 1960s when Chou-en-Lai advised Ayub Khan that Pakistan should prepare for prolonged conflict with India instead of short-term wars. He advised Pakistan to raise a Militia Force to act behind enemy (Indian) lines. In 1966, when a Pakistani delegation went to Beijing and was met by Chou en Lai, latter while discussing India raised his clenched fist and said, “This is capable of delivering a forceful blow, but if you cut off one finger, the fist loses its power, not by one-fifth, but by fifty percent. If you wipe out a couple of hundred thousand of the enemy spread over a long front, its impact is not as great as wiping out an entire battalion or a brigade – the enemy’s morale is dealt a devastating blow. We know this from practical experience.” Witness the shamelessness with which China is protecting JeM chief Azhar Masood at the UN despite his role in numerous terrorist attacks in India. Besides, the United Mission in Afghanistan (Unama) report released in July 2016 has specifically highlighted both JeM and LeT involved in terrorist acts in Afghanistan.
Review recent Pakistan sponsored terror attacks in India and Afghanistan and it can easily be concluded that their intensity and periodicity have gone up with Chinese entry into POK and commencement of development of the CPEC. Intelligence reports have been indicating that China is funding terrorists in J&K. And, why would China not be coordinating terrorist attacks in India and Afghanistan in conjunction Pakistan? Earlier British sources had contended Chinese specialists were training Taliban fighters in the use of infrared-guided surface-to-air missiles, which was supported by a 13 May, 2008 classified US document released by WikiLeaks. Also, Aviation Week of 23 December 2010 reported Chinese military personnel were advising Pakistani Taliban how to fight the NATO led ISAF. The China-Pakistan sub-conventional nexus keeps Kashmir Valley on the boil and advances Pakistan’s strategic depth in Afghanistan. Pakistani Generals have bartered their country’s sovereignty to China by permitting China develop her Super Strategic Highway to the Indian Ocean under the euphuism of CPEC, the adverse effects of which will be felt by the Pakistani public in years to follow. Already rumblings in Pakistan refer to the CPEC as another ‘East India Company’ but more is to follow with China bidding to buy 40% stakes in Pakistan’s stock exchange. It appears the 2012 prophesy by former Pakistani officer and defence analyst Agha H Amin was bang on wherein he said, “There is no doubt that Pakistan will be a semi autonomous Chinese province by 2030 or so… Pakistani Baluchistan by 2030 would be a completely Chinese run show”.
China is the largest economy in terms of PPP, second largest GDP and third largest investor in the world. She has reserves of over $3 trillion and contributes to some 30% plus of world trade. But at the same time China’s debt in 2015 was 254 percent of her GDP, there was 30% increase in protests by workers across China last year, and unemployment rate amongst graduates in China too is 30%. That is why the efforts of OBOR, CPEC, MST etc for which ready governmental finances are hard to find. China’s comprehensive national power (CNP) but 54% of her defence budget dedicated to internal threats is part of her infirmities. Ironically, increase in CNP has revived China’s ancient mindset rooted in her historical ‘Tian Xia’ (under the Heaven) concept which traditionally views “all territories” as belonging to the Chinese and due to which, they attach no sense to territory. That is why they have no compunctions about claiming 90,000 sq kms of Arunachal Pradesh on sudden impulse, arbitrarily extend her EEZ with no regard to her neigbours or print new world map showing Hawaii and most Micronesia as Chinese territory.
To bring China to her senses the only way is what the Indian public has begun to do — stop buying Chinese products. The effect is more since China is fully aware that the Indian middle class is heading towards the greatest expansion in the world, with attenuated purchasing power, while the Chinese population grows old. Sure we need about $2 trillion investment to expand our economy and China is welcome to invest, and it will, considering the impediments she will face in OBOR, CPEC, MST because of the geopolitical competition. Indians should desist buying Chinese products with alternative availability of products that are indigenous, Japanese, South Korean, Taiwanese etc. Let China change her stance towards India if she wants the Indian population to accept Chinese products. The world could take a cue from the Indian population.
The author is veteran Lt General of the Indian Army.
Make no mistake. From an economic perspective, China matters to Pakistan much more than India does. Yes, India is a hard to ignore constituent among the South Asian countries, both for political and geographical reasons. And as we saw recently, India has shown its clout in the Saarc grouping, by isolating Pakistan. To a certain extent, Pakistan too needs India to keep its relations with other Saarc members on good terms and, for water.
The reason why it is making panic remarks in the international fora against India’s proposed move to cut the water supply to Pakistan under Indus Waters Treaty (IWT), is nothing else. Agriculture is one of the main pillars of Pakistan’s economy, which constitutes 19.8 percent of its GDP and is the largest employer (42.3 percent of the country’s total labour force), according to the latest data from the Pakistan government. If India acts on this front, upping its strategic offensive, there will be severe economic repercussions within Pakistan, which isn’t easy for Nawaz Sharif government to handle. For political reasons, Pakistan’s political leadership and army need to show India as a perennial enemy, but the irony is its economy can’t sustain without India.
But, China commands a bigger place in Pakistan’s strategic circles. The Chinese are the biggest trade partner of Pakistan. For 2014-15, the total trade between the two countries was recorded at $12. 299 billion out of which Pakistan’s exports were $2. 126 billion and imports were $10. 17 billion, according to a report in The Nation.
Pakistan exports cotton yarn/fabric, rice, raw hides and skins, chemical material, fish and fish preparations and crude mineral to China and imports machinery (all sorts) and its parts, fertiliser, chemical element, yarn and thread of synthetic fibre, iron and steels, chemical material and product, vegetable and synthetic textile fibre, road vehicles and their parts, non-ferrous metals, tyres and tubes of rubber, the report said. With India, Pakistan’s trade is a minuscule, even after India awarding Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status to that country. In 2015-16, out of India’s total merchandise trade of $641 billion that to Pakistan stood at a mere $2.67 billion.
Reasons for Chinese interest in Pakistan isn’t easy to understand. China needs Pakistan to check India’s influence in the region, and Pakistan needs India for the same reason. India’s relations with Pakistan is seemingly beyond revival at this stage and that with China has always been murky.
China’s clout in Pakistan isn’t just about trade. The dragon has been slowly and steadily increasing its stake in Pakistan’s real economy over years. The biggest example of Pakistan economy’s dependence on China to improve its fortunes through $46-billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects. The value of this ‘economic cooperation’ is so high that a recent World Bank report warned that Pakistan’s prospects of growing even at modest five percent a year are at risk due to delays in the implementation of the CPEC projects. Should India be worried about CPEC? Yes. Because the China-Pakistan economic corridor is passing through Pak-occupied Kashmir. India has raised its concerns on this already.
Even when signals emerged from India that it might curtail water supply to Pakistan under IWT, Pakistan threatened to take up this issue internationally put pressure on India — mainly with China. Besides trade and economic cooperation, China also plays a major role in aiding military support to Pakistan over a period. Pakistan has returned the favour saying it too will offer full military support to China on a boarder scale to assure safety to the China-Pak economic corridor. In short, there is a bonhomie getting stronger between the two countries that India cannot ignore.
It is in this context, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will have to approach the Brics summit in Goa. As Firstpost noted in an article, the Brics meet this time is even more significant for India in the context of the growing threat of terrorism originating from Pakistan and its impact on rest of the world. India, which managed to completely isolate Pakistan from the Saarc countries in the aftermath of a series of border terrorist attacks by Pakistan-based elements (the latest being Uri), will most likely take up the issue of the Pakistan factor in the Brics meeting. Can India call Pakistan’s bluff on aiding terrorism at BRICS is a question.
As the Brics summit kicks off on Saturday, one of the major things to watch is how India will approach to the growing Pakistan-China bonhomie. A friendship is mutually beneficial for Pakistan and China to check India’s influence in the region. But, it is a concern for India. How India will plan its moves to check this perceived, obvious threat at the Brics is a big question.
Sat, 24 Sep 2016-11:20am , Lahore , ANI
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>With relations already running on a tense note between India and Pakistan over terrorism and rising tensions at borders, China has assured in unequivocal terms of its support in case of any foreign aggression to Islamabad including its stance on the Kashmir issue. China’s support was confirmed in a press release issued by the Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif’s Office, reports Dawn.”In case of any foreign aggression our country will extend its full support to Pakistan,” the statement quoted Consul General of China in Lahore Yu Boren as saying.The message was conveyed during a meeting of its top diplomat in the provincial capital with Chief Minister Sharif. The statement said that Beijing will be siding with Pakistan on Kashmir issue and the Kashmir issue should be solved in accordance with aspirations of the Kashmiris.The duo also discussed the progress being made on various projects under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
Beijing: China on Monday voiced concern over the “escalation” of violence and “rising temperatures” in Kashmir after the Uri terror attack and called on India and Pakistan to resolve their differences through dialogue and enhance counter-terrorism cooperation.
Expressing shock over Sunday’s terror attack on an army camp in Uri, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said, “We want to express our deep sympathies and condolences to the affected families and the injured.”
“We have noted relevant reports. We are shocked by this attack,” Lu told media briefing here when asked about India’s allegation that Pakistan-based militant group Jaish-e-Muhammad’s involvement in the attack.
“China opposes and strongly condemns all forms of terrorism. We are concerned about this escalation and rising temperatures surrounding Kashmir situation,” he said.
“We hope relevant parties will have dialogue and consultation to resolve their differences and enhance counter terrorism cooperation. Only this way can they safeguard peace and security in their region,” he said.
Asked how China sees the impact of the escalation of violence on its USD 46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Lu said, “The building of the corridor is to drive the development of the regional countries. It needs the concerted efforts of all countries concerned to ensure the smooth running of this corridor.”
“At the same time I need to stress that recently in this region especially in Kashmir region, there has been some escalation of tensions,” he said.
“Our position is that we hope all relevant parties can work together and remain committed to resolving these disputes through peaceful consultations and jointly maintain the peace and stability of the region. This in final analysis is conducive and will bring benefits to China, India Pakistan and all the regional countries,” he said.
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>China today voiced concern over the “escalation” of violence and “rising temperatures” in Kashmir after the Uri terror attack and called on India and Pakistan to resolve their differences through dialogue and enhance counter-terrorism cooperation.Expressing shock over yesterday’s terror attack on an army camp in Uri, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said, “We want to express our deep sympathies and condolences to the affected families and the injured.””We have noted relevant reports. We are shocked by this attack,” Lu told media briefing here when asked about India’s allegation that Pakistan-based militant group Jaish-e-Muhammad’s involvement in the attack. “China opposes and strongly condemns all forms of terrorism. We are concerned about this escalation and rising temperatures surrounding Kashmir situation,” he said. “We hope relevant parties will have dialogue and consultation to resolve their differences and enhance counter terrorism cooperation. Only this way can they safeguard peace and security in their region,” he said.Asked how China sees the impact of the escalation of violence on its $46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Lu said, “The building of the corridor is to drive the development of the regional countries. It needs the concerted efforts of all countries concerned to ensure the smooth running of this corridor.” “At the same time I need to stress that recently in this region especially in Kashmir region, there has been some escalation of tensions,” he said.”Our position is that we hope all relevant parties can work together and remain committed to resolving these disputes through peaceful consultations and jointly maintain the peace and stability of the region. This in final analysis is conducive and will bring benefits to China, India Pakistan and all the regional countries,” he said.
New Delhi: India has asked China to stop all work in parts of Jammu and Kashmir occupied by Pakistan, the external affairs ministry said on Friday.
“Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of India,” external affairs ministry spokesperson Vikas Swarup said at his weekly media briefing.
“Chinese activities in Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir have been taken up with the Chinese side, including at the highest level,” he said.
Swarup was responding to a question on India’s stand on Chinese activities in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, a large part of which falls within Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir.
China is believed to have made huge investments and is sponsoring development projects in Pakistan-controlled Jammu and Kashmir, including in the volatile Shia-dominated Gilgit-Baltistan area.
“We have asked them (the Chinese side) to cease all activities in Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir,” Swarup said.
Pakistan Army Chief General Raheel Sharif has accused India of destabilising his country and attempting to “subvert” its crucial $46 billion economic corridor project with China.Speaking at a seminar on China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) in the coastal town of Gwadar, he said the significance of a China Pakistan economic cooperation had “raised eyebrows” in the region and India had openly opposed the project. “The CPEC is a deep manifestation of the time-tested relations between China and Pakistan. But there are foreign forces who, realising the potential of CPEC and wanting an influential role in the region, are working to destabilise Pakistan and the project,” Raheel said yesterday. “Hostile intelligence agencies were averse to this grand project (CPEC), especially Indian intelligence agency RAW, which is blatantly involved in destabilising Pakistan,” the Pakistan Army Chief claimed.<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>But “we will not allow anyone to create impediments and turbulence in any part of Pakistan”, he added.
ALSO READ ‘RAW spy’ arrested: Pakistan slaps terror, sabotage charges on Kulbhushan JadhavDescribing the project as “a corridor of peace and prosperity”, Raheel said that CPEC is a lifetime opportunity for Pakistan to improve the socio-economic equation of its underprivileged areas and populace. However, there were “external intelligence agencies who are involved in facilitating terrorists, their abettors and financiers in Pakistan in a bid to subvert the economic corridor project,” he said. “As COAS, I assure you security of CPEC which is our national undertaking. We won t leave any stone unturned and continue to close watch at every step,” the General said.He said work on the CPEC was progressing at a fast pace and already 675 kilometres of roads had been completed in just two years’ time.
ALSO READ Pakistan says Kirpal Singh died of heart attack as India takes up issue”Transparency and good management is important for sustainability of the CPEC which will eventually benefit the people of Balochistan and Pakistan,” he said.Other speakers said on the occasion that Gwadar port will be fully operative by the end of 2016 ans will slowly become hub of international trade.