<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has expressed hope that India and Pakistan will bilaterally resolve issues over water-sharing, as Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the waters of Sutlej, Beas and Ravi rivers that rightfully belong to India will be stopped from going waste in Pakistan.”We will take a look at the issue on water. Obviously, we hope it’s something that the two parties can resolve themselves,” Ban’s spokesman Stephane Dujarric told reporters at the daily press briefing here yesterday when asked about Modi’s remarks on the Indus Water Treaty amid escalating tensions between the two nations.Addressing a rally in Punjab last week, Modi had said the waters of Sutlej, Beas and Ravi rivers that rightfully belong to India will be stopped from going waste in Pakistan and he will ensure that Indian farmers in India utilise it. PTI YAS “Now, every drop of this water will be stopped and I will give that to farmers of Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir and Indian farmers. I am committed to this,” he had said.Last week, during a Security Council debate on water, peace and security, Ban had cited the Indus Water Treaty signed by India and Pakistan as well as other similar agreements “as instruments promoting stability and peace” and said “shared water resources often generated cooperation”.During the debate, Pakistan’s Ambassador to the UN Maleeha Lodhi had warned against use of water as instrument of coercion or war.She had said the 1960 Indus Water Treaty is an example of what can be achieved through bilateral agreements but also a case study of what could wrong if such agreements are not honoured or threatened with abrogation by a state party.Separately, Ban had also expressed deep concern last week over the deterioration of the situation along the Line of Control in Kashmir in recent days, saying he “trusts” India and Pakistan can find “common ground” and work towards a sustainable peace.The UN Chief had called on all involved to prioritise the restoration of calm and stability in order to prevent any further escalation and loss of life.When asked during the briefing about Indian-Pakistan tensions at the border, Dujarric referred to Ban’s remarks saying the increasing tensions over the Line of Control are of “great concern to the Secretary General”.
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Alarmed by the escalation of tension with India along the LoC, Pakistan on Thursday asked the UN to act before the situation snowballs into a “full-fledged crisis”.Pakistan’s Ambassador to the UN Maleeha Lodhi met the Deputy UN Secretary General Jan Eliasson and the Chef de Cabinet of the Secretary General Edmond Mulet during which she alleged that the situation along the Line of Control (LoC) posed a “grave threat to international peace and security”.Lodhi, according to a statement issued by the Permanent Mission of Pakistan to the UN, in her meeting with UN officials alleged that escalating tensions on the LoC “was a deliberate attempt” by India to “divert the attention of the international community from the gross human right violations being committed” by it in Kashmir.Alleging that the attack on an ambulance trying to evacuate the injured was a particularly “abhorrent act” that was a breach of the most fundamental legal and humanitarian laws, Lodhi urged the UN to act before the escalating tensions snowball into a full-fledged crisis.The UN Department of Peace Keeping Operations was separately asked to mobilise United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) to effectively monitor the LoC and the Working Boundary as a step to help deescalate tensions between India and Pakistan, a statement said.Pakistan Army yesterday said seven persons, including three of its soldiers, were killed in an exchange of fire with Indian troops on the LoC.The clash occurred a day after India warned of retribution after losing three soldiers in Pakistan firing and after Pakistan yesterday rejected as “false” and “baseless” the charges that the body of an Indian soldier was mutilated by Pakistani soldiers in a cross LoC-attack.
Islamabad: Pakistan has said it handed over a dossier to the UN military observer group on alleged ceasefire violations by India along the Line of Control (LoC).
Representatives of the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) on Sunday met Pakistani officials at the General Headquarters Rawalpindi, where they were handed over a dossier on repeated “violations of the ceasefire agreement” by India, Pakistan Foreign Office said.
The detailed dossier was given to UNMOGIP representatives in view of the death of four people, including three children, in firing by Indian forces in Khuiratta Sector of the LoC, Foreign Office Spokesman Nafees Zakaria said on twitter.
Pakistan has asked the UNMOGIP to investigate the incident, he said.
Pakistan’s Ambassador to the UN Maleeha Lodhi had earlier also reportedly written to the UNSC President and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon alleging that Indian troops in Kashmir had launched artillery barrages.
India has maintained that UNMOGIP has outlived its utility and is irrelevant after the Simla Agreement and the consequent establishment of the Line of Control (LoC). India has always stated that it has “no role to play whatsoever”.
First Published On : Nov 21, 2016 12:59 IST
Mon, 21 Nov 2016-10:45am , Islamabad , PTI
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Pakistan has said it handed over a dossier to the UN military observer group on alleged ceasefire violations by India along the Line of Control (LoC). Representatives of the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) met Pakistani officials on Sunday at the General Headquarters Rawalpindi, where they were handed over a dossier on repeated “violations of the ceasefire agreement” by India, Pakistan Foreign Office said.The detailed dossier was given to UNMOGIP representatives in view of the death of four people, including three children, in firing by Indian forces in Khuiratta Sector of the LoC, Foreign Office Spokesman Nafees Zakaria said on Twitter. Pakistan has asked the UNMOGIP to investigate the incident, he said. Pakistan’s Ambassador to the UN Maleeha Lodhi had earlier also reportedly written to the UNSC President and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon alleging that Indian troops in Kashmir had launched artillery barrages.
China’s commitment to the NSG at a time when it so religiously throws the rulebook to block India’s bid to become a part of the elite nuclear club, stands on a dubious platform as a new report published by the King’s College of London exposes Pakistan’s web of lies and Beijing’s firm hand behind it.
Competing with India, Pakistan had also applied for the membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) with the implicit backing of China. Apart from its attempt to compete with India, it was also successfully lobbying against New Delhi’s membership and ensuring at least a delay in the decision.
Similar to India’s strategy to meet leaders from other countries and secure their support for its bid, Pakistan’s officials too embarked on a visit to Belarus and Kazakhstan to gain their backing.
The 48-member group will discuss the matter on 11 and 12 November during a plenary session in Vienna. At the NSG’s plenary session in Seoul, China had blocked India’s bid for membership. The meeting ended after an agreement was pushed by Australia and Mexico that a special meeting would be held in November to discuss the criteria for India’s entry.
China has refused to change its decision on India’s membership bid ahead of the Vienna meet. It said that it would only change its stance once rules for entry of non-NPT countries are finalised by the elite group.
Pakistan may hope to be considered for the NSG membership too in the Vienna meeting on Friday. It had told the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) that “the exemplary measures Islamabad had taken to strengthen nuclear safety establish its eligibility credentials,” according to a report by Dawn.
Pakistan’s permanent representative to the UN Maleeha Lodhi said that Islamabad had implemented a comprehensive export control regime and ratified the 2005 amendment to the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material among other measures which make it eligible to become an NSG member.
According to the King’s College report carried by The Hindustan Times, Pakistan’s continued use of front companies and other deceptive methods to obtain dual-use goods for its nuclear programme means it cannot expect to be welcomed into the NSG.
Although China remains mum on its support to either India or Pakistan’s bid, its implicit support to Pakistan is evident from Islamabad’s move of applying formally to the group immediately after Beijing blocked New Delhi’s bid.
“Pakistan has the expertise, manpower, infrastructure, as well as the ability to supply NSG controlled items, goods and services for a full range of nuclear applications for peaceful uses,” Pakistan’s Foreign Office had said, according to a report by The Times of India.
However, the report by King’s College contradicts these claims. It also contends that China is either privy to Pakistan’s programmes, or negligent of its control over state-owned enterprises.
Project Alpha of the Centre for Science and Security Studies at King’s College concluded that Pakistan has a “deliberate strategy of using deceptive methods to obtain dual-use goods”. The country also has a network of at least 20 trading companies in China, Hong Kong, Dubai and Singapore.
Islamabad “continues its forty-year history of covert procurement for its nuclear weapon programme largely unabated” and even keeps its nuclear fuel cycle off-limits to IAEA inspection. It remains to be seen how it will reconcile its activities to be in resonance with the rules of the grouping.
Further, the report also reveals that China is the most important supplier of all forms of goods to Pakistan’s nuclear and missile programmes. China and its private entities continue to knowingly supply Pakistan’s strategic programmes.
This brings into question China’s adherence to the rules and requirements of the NSG group. It is almost impossible for Pakistan to single handedly become a nuclear exporter, as the report points out. It needs the assistance of its all-weather friend, who is interestingly a part of the elite group.
The report suggests that Beijing will have to adjust its sales relationship with Pakistan to avoid international criticism.
However, this brings the dubious nature of China and its commitment to the group to the front. Stalling India’s bid with the help of Pakistan might just be a clever move by Beijing. It is not in China’s interest to allow India a greater role in international politics or to ease India’s path to growth where its economic or military clout will challenge China, as R Jagannathan points out in this Firstpost article.
The report raises pertinent questions like, is China using Pakistan for all its nuclear activities while keeping a clean front itself? Or, is it strengthening Pakistan’s nuclear ambitions for its own benefit?
Nevertheless, it is also time for the group to take a note of this report and launch an inquiry against China.
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –> Hitting back strongly at Pakistan, India today said its citizens have faced repeated “inhuman” terror attacks by “proxies” of Pakistan, which continues to abuse the concept of self-determination to bolster territorial aggrandisement against it.”Pakistan, whose own people have been deprived of their democratic rights for most of its history and which continues to illegally occupy a part of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and rules it as a virtual colony, repeatedly indulges in the abuse of the concept of self-determination to bolster its agenda of territorial aggrandisement through terrorism against India,” Counsellor in the Permanent Mission of India to the UN Mayank Joshi said at a General Assembly session here on the ‘Right of people to self-determination’.Strongly rejecting Pakistan’s “ritual propaganda” on the right to self-determination and the “baseless allegations” made by it, Joshi said India is the world’s largest democracy and free and fair elections are held regularly in Jammu and Kashmir meeting the aspiration of its people. “The truth is that thousands of innocent citizens of India, including women and children, continue to fall victim to the repeated inhuman terrorist attacks committed by proxies of the State of Pakistan in our region,” Joshi said.He stressed that India has repeatedly pointed out that Pakistan would serve its people better if only it could introspect about the challenges faced by its society “instead of setting sights on territories of their neighbours in flagrant violation of all international norms of behaviour”. “By now the international community has seen through these misleading attempts by Pakistan. We therefore do not intend to engage any further on this issue,” he said.Joshi asserted that the right to self-determination has been recognised for long as applicable to the peoples of non- self-governing colonies and trust territories.”This concept cannot become an instrument to promote subversion and erode the political cohesion or territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Member states of the UN,” Joshi said.He emphasised that Palestine remains the “unfinished task” in the realisation of the right of peoples to self- determination and reiterated India’s “unwavering solidarity” for the people of Palestine to attain their inalienable rights, including the right to self-determination.”My delegation has reiterated its full support for the Peace Process and the Qaurtet Roadmap which would realise the dream of the peoples of both Palestine and Israel to live in peace, side by side within recognised and secure borders,” he said. He said escalation of racism, xenophobia and related intolerance continues to lead to gross violations of human rights of national, ethnic, cultural and religious minorities, and of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants.Earlier raising the issue of Kashmir, Pakistan’s envoy to the UN Maleeha Lodhi said peace in South Asia cannot be achieved without “urgent” solution to the Kashmir dispute.
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Raking up the Kashmir issue again, Pakistan has said the non-implementation of UN Security Council resolutions for a plebiscite in the Valley is the “most persistent” failure of the United Nations.”The decolonisation agenda of the United Nations will remain incomplete without resolution of the Jammu and Kashmir dispute, among the oldest items on the UN’s agenda,” Pakistan’s envoy to the UN Maleeha Lodhi said at a debate on Friday of the Special Political and Decolonisation Committee in the General Assembly. She said for over six decades UN Security Council resolutions promising a plebiscite under UN auspices to allow the Kashmiri people to determine their destiny, have not been implemented.”This is the most persistent failure of the United Nations,” she said adding that generation after generation of Kashmiris has only seen broken promises and brutal oppression. She asserted that Jammu and Kashmir “never was and can never be” an integral part of India but is a disputed territory, the final status of which has yet to be determined in accordance with several resolutions of the UN Security Council.Lodhi said the the United Nations has a moral responsibility towards people suffering under colonial domination and foreign occupation.”There is an urgent need to bring the work on this unfinished agenda to closure and eliminate the last remaining vestiges of colonialism. We hope that we will be able to achieve this shared goal sooner rather than later,” she said.
United Nations: India raising Pakistan’s “internal matter” Balochistan in the UN General Assembly is a “blatant violation” of international norms, the Pakistani envoy to the UN said as she described Kashmir not as India’s integral part but an “internationally recognised dispute.”
“The Indian FM’ speech is a litany of falsehoods and baseless allegations. The biggest falsehood is that Kashmir is an integral part of India. Kashmir is an internationally recognised dispute. It is the oldest item on the UN agenda. The whole world acknowledges this,” Maleeha Lodhi said in a series of tweets after External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj’s address during the 71st session of the UNGA.
In another tweet, Lodhi said raising Balochistan, “an internal matter”, is a “blatant violation” of the principles of the UN charter and international norms.
Lodhi said it is “untrue” that India imposed no preconditions for talks with Pakistan.
“India suspended talks more than a year ago, and has refused to resume these despite repeated offers from Pakistan. The latest offer of talks with India was made by Pakistan’s Prime Minister himself from the rostrum of the General Assembly on 21 September,” Lodhi said in the tweets.
Lodhi claimed India is in “denial” about the alleged human rights violations in Kashmir.
Meanwhile, Pakistani and separatist Kashmiri groups gathered outside the UN, following Swaraj’s address, to protest against the Indian forces in Kashmir.
Holding banners and placards, the protesters shouted slogans demanding “freedom” for Kashmir.
Termed as one of the deadliest attacks on the army base in Kashmir since militant attacks began in 1989, the recent Uri attack – which claimed lives of 18 soldiers – and cross-border terrorism became the central topic of debate at the United Nations General Assembly.
Government won’t sleep over terror being pushed from across border: Parrikar
Responding to questions about what India’s response to the attack will be, Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar had on Wednesday said the government is “serious” about punishing those responsible for the deadly attack as it will “not sleep over” terror being pushed into India from across the border, reported PTI.
He also dismissed reports about Pakistan’s threat of use of tactical nukes, saying that “An empty vessel makes the most noise” and asserted that steps will be taken to ensure that incidents like Uri strike are not repeated.
“We take a proper reading of everything and I don’t think Prime Minister’s initial words that ‘those responsible will be punished’, will go as a mere statement. How to punish, that is for us to work out. We are quite serious about it,” Parrikar said.
“When something goes wrong, while you try to correct it, you should also ensure that it does not happen again. We will definitely find out what went wrong and also take steps to ensure it does not go wrong again. The country needs to ensure that repetition of wrong does not repeat again and again,” he said.
Despicable attack will not go unpunished: Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Taking a tough stand, Prime Minister Narendra Modi assured the nation that those behind the “despicable” strike won’t go unpunished. Modi held a nearly two-hour meeting with Home Minister Rajnath Singh, Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, NSA Ajit Doval, Army Chief General Dalbir Singh Suhag and other top officials to discuss India’s response.
Modi saluted the soldiers who were martyred in the attack and said their service to the nation will always be remembered.
“We strongly condemn the cowardly terror attack in Uri. I assure the nation that those behind this despicable attack will not go unpunished,” Modi had tweeted.
As part of the plans discussed in the meeting, the Director General of Military Operations will hand over all the evidence linking Pakistan’s involvement – of the four terrorists using Pakistani-marked weapons, food, energy drinks and GPS trackers which they carried to enter Jammu and Kashmir from across the Line of Control – in Uri attack to his Pakistani counterpart.
Pakistan’s take on attacks on Kashmir and terrorism
On Wednesday, during the United Nations General Assembly debate, Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz brought up Kashmir topic and hailed Hizbul commander Burhan Wani as a “young leader” even as he expressed readiness for a “serious and sustained dialogue” with India for peaceful resolution of all outstanding disputes, especially Jammu and Kashmir.
Sharif devoted much of his 20-minute speech to Kashmir and the current situation in the Valley and said Pakistan “fully supports the demand of the Kashmiri people for self-determination”.
“This indigenous uprising of the Kashmiris has been met, as usual, with brutal repression by India’s occupation force of over half a million soldiers. Over a hundred Kashmiris have been killed, hundreds, including children and infants, blinded by shotgun pellets and over six thousand unarmed civilians injured over the past two months,” Sharif said.
He said a “new generation” of Kashmiris has risen spontaneously against India’s “illegal occupation – demanding freedom from occupation”.
Sharif also urged the US to help resolve issues between Islamabad and New Delhi as he met US Secretary of State John Kerry in New York on Monday. However, Kerry “reiterated the need for Pakistan to prevent all terrorists from using Pakistani territory as safe havens”. Furthermore, the US has asked Pakistan to cooperate with India in probing the Uri attack.
Kerry also “stressed the need for restraint in nuclear weapons programs”.
However, in an outright denial to curtail its atomic activities, Pakistan’s UN envoy Maleeha Lodhi said that the country won’t limit its nuclear programme.
“Pakistan’s nuclear programme cannot be limited,” Lodhi said at the joint press conference with Foreign Secretary Aizaz Chaudhry.
“The world should first put an end to nuclear activities undertaken by India.”
However, she said it had been conveyed to the US Secretary of State that the proposals which were expected from Pakistan should also be implemented by India.
On Pakistan Prime Minister’s Adviser on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz’s meetings with the foreign ministers of Austria, Switzerland, and Japan, Lodhi said, “Pakistan’s inclusion in the Nuclear Suppliers Group was discussed during the meeting.”
Chaudhry claimed that no other state had acted against terrorism as much as Pakistan.
Stand on Balochistan
On the 70th Indian Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his 93-minute speech made clear references to Pakistan’s mistreatment of Balochistan and the atrocities meted out in the region and in Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir.
Modi’s words did not just appease the Indian masses but have also been celebrated by leaders from Balochistan.
Brahumdagh Bugti of Balochistan Republican Party, quoted by ANI, said that he thanks “Prime Minister Narendra Modi sahab on behalf of the whole Baloch nation. And we hope that the Indian government and Indian media and whole nation will not only raise voices for the Baloch nation but also strive to help practically the Baloch independence movement.”
Baloch activists protested outside the UN General Assembly headquarters in New York on Wednesday during Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s address to the General Debate, to highlight “atrocities” and human rights violations by Pakistani forces in Balochistan. However, there was no mention of Balochistan in Sharif’s UN speech.
The ‘Coalition of American Friends of Balochistan’ and Indian-American Organisations said they will hold a “peaceful protest” against Pakistan for “its state-sponsored atrocities and terrorism on the people of Balochistan, Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir and minorities”.
Grateful for the support extended by PM Narendra Modi, the Baloch National Movement of North America said that, “Baloch people have welcomed and are grateful for the support extended by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at such a critical juncture when our nation is struggling to be free from the illegal military occupation of Pakistan since 1948.”
The group said that since 2003, more than 20,000 Baloch political activists have gone missing, “illegally abducted” by the Pakistani state security forces and victims of enforced disappearances are being “tortured and executed” in custody.
With inputs from agencies
New York: Pakistan seeks to normalise relations with India, but New Delhi has “signalled” it is only interested in talking about terrorism which does not bode well for the prospects of diplomatic progress between the two nations, Islamabad’s envoy to the United Nations has said.
Pakistan’s permanent representative to the UN ambassador Maleeha Lodhi’s remarks came just a day before Indian Foreign
Secretary S Jaishankar and his Pakistani counterpart Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry met in New Delhi on April 26 on the sidelines
of the ‘Heart of Asia’ regional conference.
“While Islamabad has repeatedly urged Delhi to resume the broad based, comprehensive peace process, India has yet to
agree and has instead signalled it is only interested in talking about terrorism. This, she said, does not make the prospects of diplomatic progress too bright,” she said.
Lodhi addressed students and faculty at the Harvard Kennedy School in Cambridge on 25 April as part of ‘South Asia Week’ being held at the institution and talked about Pakistan’s role in regional stability.
According to a press release issued by Pakistan’s Permanent Mission to the UN here, Lodhi said that Pakistan seeks to normalise relations with India by finding political solutions to outstanding disputes.
In their first formal bilateral meeting after the terror attack on the Pathankot air base in January, the Foreign Secretaries focused on a range of issues including probe into the attack and Kashmir, which the Pakistani side has asserted was the “core issue”.
Lodhi said that Pakistan’s priorities included economic revival, defeating terrorism and elimination of violent extremism in and around Pakistan.
Another priority for Pakistan is building regional peace and stability, which required an end to the conflict in Afghanistan, and normalisation of Pakistan-India relations on an equitable and durable basis, she said.
On China, Lodhi said the country is a “cornerstone” of Pakistan’s foreign policy and Islamabad’s relationship with Beijing is “strategic, historic, trouble free and pivotal to the country’s foreign policy.”
Lodhi said that the strategic evolution of the Pakistan-China relationship has accorded the bilateral partnership added significance at a time of a “fundamental change in the global balance of power brought about by China’s rise as a global economic powerhouse.”
In recent years, she said bilateral ties with China have broadened and diversified from the traditional focus on defence and military cooperation toward a greater economic and investment orientation.
On how Pakistan will balance its relations with China as well as with the US, she said “to those who ascribe a zero-sum
nature to Pakistan’s relations with China and America, a recall of history would help to invalidate this flawed notion,” according to the release.
Citing Pakistan’s “good relations” with the US and China from the time of the Cold War, she said “Pakistan intends to
play the same role in the future and maintain good relations with both even as the two engage in global competition”.