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Odisha added in Japanese Encephalitis high-burden states this year

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>After at least 31 of over 93 children that had contracted Encephalitis or brain fever in Odisha were confirmed to have died of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) virus, the Union Health Ministry has decided to roll out vaccination in four districts of the state. The vaccination drive for JE for children uptil fifteen years of age in Malkangiri, Kokrajhar, Jajpur and Mayurbhanj will occur after the state declares that the outbreak has ended. A team of officials from the Immunization department at the centre visited Orissa last month to assess the readiness of the state to conduct a vaccination drive. A population of up to 25 lakh children under the age of 15 years are slated to be immunized within two weeks, later this year, but only after Odisha declares that the outbreak has ended.India imports JE vaccine from National Biotech Group’s Chengdu Institute in China since 2006 after first cases surfaced in Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh. One vial of injectible JE vaccine costs upto Rs 150 and contains five doses. “This vaccine contains live virus. It cannot be administered during an outbreak as we do not know it’s mode of interaction with the wild virus that is dominant in the region currently. Only after the outbreak has subsided that we can inject the vaccine into the community,” said Dr Pradeep Haldar, Deputy Commissioner, Immunization at the Health Ministry. Once a person is vaccinated it takes up to 4 to 6 weeks for the immunity against JE to set in. “If a person contracts the virus during the month of being vaccinated, community will blame it on vaccination, saying the infection occured due to immunization. This has happened in the past,” Dr Haldar said. A person at any age can be vaccinated against JE, however the disease burden is high in children uptil 15 years, with 90% of cases being reported in children uptil five years. Children are being immunized against JE in 199 districts of 18 states currently. After the recent spate of deaths, Odisha is the 19th state to be added to the list of high-burded JE states, this year. In 2015, India saw 1609 cases of JE of which 279 (17.34%) patients died.According to National Health Profile between January to December in 2014, Odisha had recorded 990 cases and 116 deaths due to Encephalitis. In 2015, Odisha recorded the highest cases of Encephalitis at 1451 and up to 118 deaths. However, no cases were recorded under the category of JE. “Not all cases of Encephalitis necessarily turn out to be cases of JE. In Malkangiri, we are seeing an atypical presentation of cases post-monsoon, this year. This has never been seen before,” Dr Haldar said. “Given poor testing facilities for samples and limited period of survival it has been tough to confirm cases of Encephalitis as JE, but there was no harm in immunizing children in the past,” argued a state health official at Orissa. “We have been asking for vaccines since 2012, it is only now that we will recieve them. This is a huge medical debate. We cannot consider vaccination until state confirms cases of JE and reports to the centre,” said Haldar. An expert panel of doctors constituted by the state are probing other causes of death and said that five patients may have developed brain fever after consuming a plant – ‘bana chakunda,’ which is deemed to be toxic. Japanese Encephalitis in India: In 2015Cases – 1609Deaths – 279Case Fatality Ratio – 17.34%High burden states in 2015 Cases Deaths Assam 614 135West Bengal 342 75Uttar Pradesh 351 42(Source – National Health Profile, 2016)Pigs and wild birds are hosts of the virus. Japanese Encephalitis Virus is spread by infected mosquitoes of Culex species. It infects humans when an infected mosquito bites the humanSymptoms include rapid onset of high fever, headache, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, seizures, spastic paralysis and ultimately death. Of those who survive, 20%–30% suffer permanent intellectual, behavioural or neurological problems such as paralysis, recurrent seizures or the inability to speak.JE has no treatment, preventive vaccination can help

India police kill ’18 Maoist rebels’

Police in India say they have killed at least 18 Maoist rebels in the eastern state of Orissa.

Check orissaresults.nic.in and chseodisha.nic.in for CHSE Odisha Plus Two (Class 12) Exam Results 2016 to be declared at 4 pm

Reports state that the CHSE Class 12 Results 2016 are going to be announced today at 4 PM. The procedure of checking the results is easy, you just have to visit the official site of CHSE The students who appeared in the intermediate examination, CHSE +2 Result, CHSE 12th Results 2016, Odisha +2 Results 2016, will be able to check their scorecards once the results are officially declared.The exams for Odisha 12th Class Result 2016 was taken by around 3.73 lakh students. Odisha +2 Results 2016 exam was conducted in the month of March earlier this year.<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Here’s how to check your Odisha Higher Secondary Result1. Visit the official websites of CHSE: orissaresults.nic.in and chseodisha.nic.in2. Fill in the required information like your name and roll number3. Click on the ‘Submit’ button4. The results will appear on your screenAbout the board -The Council of Higher Secondary Education, Odisha was established in accordance with the Odisha Higher Secondary Education Act 1982 to regulate, control and develop higher secondary education in the State of Orissa. The administrative function of the Council commenced from September 7, 1982.

Maharashtra government set to introduce gender budgeting

Maharashtra government is set to introduce “gender budgeting” that will ensure 50% benefit of gender neutral schemes to reach women. The women and child development department is scheduled to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the UNICEF women and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for working out on the detailed budget plan.As per sources, to begin with the government is expected to pick up five departments and three of their major schemes for implementation as pilot project. “We have not yet decided on departments and schemes. The main aim is to ensure that the benefits of schemes like scholarship, pension or other subsidies which are gender neutral should reach women in as many numbers as men,” said a senior officer.<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>According to the union ministry for women and child development (MWCD), the rationale for gender budgeting arises from recognition of the fact that national budgets impact men and women differently through the pattern of resource allocation.”Women, constitute 48% of India’s population, but they lag behind men on many social indicators like health, education, economic opportunities, etc. Hence, they warrant special attention due to their vulnerability and lack of access to resources. The way government budgets allocate resources, has the potential to transform these gender inequalities. In view of this, gender budgeting, as a tool for achieving gender mainstreaming, has been propagated,” claims the ministry’s note on gender budgeting.Maharashtra, however, is one of the last states to implement it. In 2013, the former UPA government had asked all the state governments and Union territories to implant the same. Taking this forward, in 2005 MWCD organised three regional workshops, in collaboration with UNDP, to share and discuss the strategy of the government on gender budgeting and gender mainstreaming.Subsequently, many state governments like Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Orissa, Kerala, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Tripura, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand have adopted for gender budgeting.What is gender budgeting?Gender budgeting is a powerful tool for achieving gender mainstreaming so as to ensure that benefits of development reach women as much as men. It is not an accounting exercise but an ongoing process of keeping a gender perspective in policy/programme formulation, its implementation and review. GB entails dissection of the government budgets to establish its gender differential impacts and to ensure that gender commitments are translated in to budgetary commitments. States that have implemented it already are Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Orissa, Kerala, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Tripura, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

India says 330 million hit by drought

The Indian government tells the Supreme Court that 330 million people in 256 districts are affected by drought in the country.

Dangerous temperatures arrive early in India

This year, life-threatening temperature levels arrive rather earlier and more widely than normal across India.

Travelling library: The two Indians on a road trip to promote books

Satabdi Mishra and Akshaya Ravtaray are on an arduous 10,000 kms (6,213 miles) road trip across India to promote reading.

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