Yuva Sai Sagar

An online news channel

Tag: south-africa-

Demonetisation done without thinking about consequence: Nobel laureate Amartya Sen

Demonetisation done without thinking about consequence: Nobel laureate Amartya Sen

‘);
FB.XFBML.parse();
*/
});

By

Nobel laureate Amartya Sen today said he felt the demonetisation decision was taken hurriedly without thinking about its consequence. “I don’t think that this (demonetisation) decision was taken after considering all sides. It was taken hurriedly without thinking of consequences,” he told media persons here.

Amartya Sen. AFPAmartya Sen. AFP

Amartya Sen. AFP

“So far economics is concerned I find no reasoning behind this decision. It will have adverse effect,” Sen said.

The Nobel laureate, who chairs Pratichi Trust, which works in the areas of health and education with special emphasis on gender equality, said implementation of midday meal project is not up to the mark in West Bengal.

“This project is very successful in Tamil Nadu, partly in Uttar Pradesh and other states. But in West Bengal the performance is average,” he said after attending a programme of the trust here.

First Published On : Dec 31, 2016 13:37 IST

Comment using Disqus

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

LIVE New Zealand Vs Bangladesh Live Score

NZ vs BAN | Dec 31st, 2016

NZ 239 2 41.2

RUNS

WKTS

OVERS

Cricket Scores

Takata could pay up to $1 billion to settle U.S. criminal probe – WSJ | Reuters

Takata could pay up to $1 billion to settle U.S. criminal probe – WSJ | Reuters

Dec 28, 2016 22:42 IST

‘);
FB.XFBML.parse();
*/
});

Japan’s Takata Corp is nearing a settlement with the U.S. Department of Justice and is expected to pay up to $1 billion to resolve allegations of criminal wrongdoing in handling its faulty air bags, the Wall Street Journal reported on Wednesday.The final figure could be in the high hundreds of millions of dollars, the Journal reported, citing people familiar with the matter. (on.wsj.com/2htwr9V)

At least 184 people have been injured in the United States in incidents involving potentially deadly Takata air bags.

(Reporting by Arunima Banerjee in Bengaluru)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

First Published On : Dec 28, 2016 22:42 IST

Comment using Disqus

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

LIVE Australia Vs Pakistan Live Score

AUS vs PAK | Dec 26th, 2016

AUS 278 2 58.0

RUNS

WKTS

OVERS

LIVE South Africa Vs Sri Lanka Live Score

SA vs SL | Dec 26th, 2016

SA 351 5 80.0

RUNS

WKTS

OVERS

Cricket Scores

Kanpur train accident: Here’s a list of rail mishaps across India in 2016

Kanpur train accident: Here’s a list of rail mishaps across India in 2016

In what came as another blow to Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu’s efforts to modernise and improve India’s railway system, 15 coaches of the Ajmer-Sealdah Express derailed near Rura — near Kanpur — on Wednesday. The coaches included 13 sleeper coaches and two general coaches.

The incident took place reportedly at 5.22 am as the train was crossing a bridge over a dry canal in the area.

Forty-four people were injured in the accident apart from the deceased.

Unfortunately, however, for Prabhu and his ministry, this is the latest in a series of train accidents that have occurred all over India in 2016:

The railway minister, along with the Indian public at large, will be hoping that 2017 proves to be a much safer year for rail transport in the country.

First Published On : Dec 28, 2016 17:32 IST

Comment using Disqus

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

LIVE Australia Vs Pakistan Live Score

AUS vs PAK | Dec 26th, 2016

AUS 278 2 58.0

RUNS

WKTS

OVERS

LIVE South Africa Vs Sri Lanka Live Score

SA vs SL | Dec 26th, 2016

SA 132 1 36.1

RUNS

WKTS

OVERS

Cricket Scores

Government appoints Viral Acharya as RBI deputy governor

Government appoints Viral Acharya as RBI deputy governor

‘);
FB.XFBML.parse();
*/
});

The government has appointed Viral V. Acharya, a professor of economics at New York University, as one of the Reserve Bank of India’s four deputy governors for a term of three years, according to a statement on Wednesday.

ReutersReuters

Reuters

The RBI had a vacancy for deputy governor after Urjit Patel was promoted to Governor earlier this year.

The statement did not mention which portfolio Acharya would be assigned. Patel had headed the prestigious monetary policy, which is now overseen by RBI Deputy Governor R. Gandhi as part of a widened remit.

Acharya teaches at the Stern School of Business in New York university. According to his resume, he has research interests in regulation of banks, corporate finance, credit risk and asset pricing.

First Published On : Dec 28, 2016 13:45 IST

Comment using Disqus

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

LIVE Australia Vs Pakistan Live Score

AUS vs PAK | Dec 26th, 2016

AUS 278 2 58.0

RUNS

WKTS

OVERS

LIVE South Africa Vs Sri Lanka Live Score

SA vs SL | Dec 26th, 2016

SL 193 9 60.0

RUNS

WKTS

OVERS

Cricket Scores

Mishap averted as Indigo, SpiceJet aircraft come face-to-face at IGI in Delhi

Mishap averted as Indigo, SpiceJet aircraft come face-to-face at IGI in Delhi

‘);
FB.XFBML.parse();
*/
});

By

New Delhi: A major mishap was averted in Delhi at the Indira Gandhi International (IGI) airport on Tuesday after an Indigo and a SpiceJet aircraft came face-to-face on the runway.

Representational image. ReutersRepresentational image. Reuters

Representational image. Reuters

“An Indigo flight 6C-729 which was coming from Lucknow to Delhi with 176 passengers on board, post landing on the taxi way saw a SpiceJet aircraft in front of it,” Indigo spokesperson Ajay Jesra told IANS.

“The incident occurred on Tuesday morning and the matter has been reported to Air Traffic Control (ATC) and the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA),” Jesra said.

According to officials, the DGCA has ordered a probe into the incident.

First Published On : Dec 27, 2016 11:14 IST

Comment using Disqus

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

LIVE Australia Vs Pakistan Live Score

AUS vs PAK | Dec 26th, 2016

PAK 268 6 95.2

RUNS

WKTS

OVERS

LIVE South Africa Vs Sri Lanka Live Score

SA vs SL | Dec 26th, 2016

SA 267 6 90.0

RUNS

WKTS

OVERS

Cricket Scores

‘Uberisation’ of India’s domestic work market has benefits and risks | Reuters

By Rina Chandran

MUMBAI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – A booming digital market matching Indian domestic workers with employers may offer benefits for some housemaids but won’t end low wages and discrimination and may exclude the poorest women who don’t have smartphones, according to new research.Domestic help in India is relatively cheap, and demand for cooks, cleaners and babysitters is growing as incomes rise and more women work full-time.Domestic workers, who are generally women, typically have little or no education, and the market is almost entirely unregulated, with no fixed wages or benefits for workers.On the back of the popularity of taxi-hailing mobile apps such as Uber and home-grown Ola, a handful of companies have launched apps that offer domestic workers on demand.”This ‘Uberisation of domestic work’ can offer some benefits, (but) it also risks further entrenching a culture of low incomes, insecurity and discrimination,” according to a study by the UK’s Overseas Development Institute (ODI).A typical middle-class Indian home may have a part-time cook and a part-time cleaner. Some households have a full-time worker, while wealthier households may have a live-in helper.Workers are typically hired by word of mouth. Most do not receive health insurance or retirement benefits.While on-demand technology can increase workers’ access to opportunities, it is “not automatically empowering, and there is a great risk that marginalised groups will remain excluded,” ODI said in the report released last week.DECENT WORK
Women make up about 80 percent of an estimated 67 million domestic workers globally, according to ODI.

In India, many domestic workers, most of them women, are forced to work up to 18 hours a day and face dire living conditions, abuse and violence.A draft domestic workers’ bill in 2015 had proposed a minimum salary of 9,000 rupees ($133) per month for skilled, full-time household help, along with benefits such as social security cover and mandatory time off. That bill was not passed.On-demand domestic work companies including MyDidi (sister), BookMyBai (maid) and TaskBob say they are helping meet demand for reliable help, while also enabling workers to secure better wages and conditions.”The workers are trained, they know what they are getting paid, they get regular hours and greater flexibility,” said Anupam Sinhal, co-founder of BookMyBai and NanoJobs.But campaigners say there is no oversight of agencies working to match domestic workers with employers and complaints of exploitation, trafficking and enslavement abound.

“There is no regulation or monitoring of agencies or these new companies that provide on-demand services,” said Shalini Sinha at WIEGO, a lobby group for informal women workers.”Do they really ensure fair conditions for the workers? Do the workers get paid on time? What we need is a law to protect these women, and regulation and monitoring of these agencies.”FIXED SALARY
ODI’s study of the on-demand model in South Africa showed that it disproportionately benefits employers. For the workers, it meant low wages and discrimination, it said.India’s on-demand domestic work companies are expanding by up to 60 percent month-on-month, according to ODI.

The model is different from Uber’s: BookMyBai gives workers on its payroll a fixed salary of 16,000 rupees ($235) a month, as well as health insurance and some benefits, regardless of how many hours they work, said Anupam Sinhal.Also, it is the company that designates a maid to a household, as many workers don’t have smartphones, he said.More than half of India’s domestic workers are illiterate, and few own smartphones or have bank accounts, making it harder for the women to navigate the platform themselves.MyDidi opens a bank account for each worker, while another company sends a text message to the husband of the worker every time she is assigned a job, so he knows her whereabouts. “The demand-supply gap is so huge, that we need these services to help address it,” Sinhal said.”The system gives the worker the benefits of a more formal economy, despite the challenges now.”($1 = 67.7347 Indian rupees) (Reporting by Rina Chandran @rinachandran, Editing by Ros Russell. Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women’s rights, trafficking, corruption and climate change. Visit news.trust.org to see more stories.)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

First Published On : Dec 19, 2016 19:24 IST

Demonetiation effect: Income Tax employees union complains of “unbearable workload”

Demonetiation effect: Income Tax employees union complains of “unbearable workload”

By

Hyderabad: The Income Tax Employees Federation and Income Tax Gazetted Officers Association (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana) on Tuesday urged the Centre to fill up the vacancies and take other steps to ease the workload in the wake of demonetisation.

There were almost 30-35 percent vacancies at assistant commissioner of income tax (ACIT) and deputy commissioner of income tax (DCIT) level and first supervisory position like joint commissioner of income tax (JCIT) and additional commissioner of income tax (Addl CIT), while at the staff level around 40 percent posts were vacant, it said in a release.

The employees were under “unbearable extra workload”, it added.

The issues of “faulty cadre structure”, promotions, recruitment, inadequate infrastructure including severe office space crunch and poor Internet and intranet connectivity should be dealt with, it said.

First Published On : Dec 14, 2016 10:56 IST

Comment using Disqus

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

Cricket Scores

Murray, Kerber named ITF players of the year | Reuters

Murray, Kerber named ITF players of the year | Reuters

Dec 13, 2016 22:21 IST

‘);
FB.XFBML.parse();
*/
});

LONDON Briton Andy Murray and Germany’s Angelique Kerber were named ITF World Champions on Tuesday, capping stellar years for the men’s and women’s world number ones. Murray, whose brother Jamie was named doubles World Champion along with Brazil’s Bruno Soares, won Wimbledon in July before becoming the first player to win two Olympic singles gold medals when he retained his crown in Rio de Janeiro in August.He won nine titles in a milestone year that ended with him beating rival Novak Djokovic to win the ATP Tour Finals and seal the year-end rankings top spot.

“It means a lot to me to be named ITF World Champion. I have had such a memorable year,” Murray said in a statement. Kerber enjoyed an equally impressive season, winning the Australian and U.S. Open titles as well as an Olympic silver medal in Rio.

She becomes the first German to win the award since Steffi Graf claimed the last of her seven in 1996.

(Reporting by Toby Davis; Editing by Tony Jimenez)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

First Published On : Dec 13, 2016 22:21 IST

Comment using Disqus

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

Cricket Scores

No survivors in northern Pakistan air crash, says airline chairman | Reuters

No survivors in northern Pakistan air crash, says airline chairman | Reuters

Dec 7, 2016 23:05 IST

‘);
FB.XFBML.parse();
*/
});

ISLAMABAD None of the dozens of people on board a Pakistan International Airlines (PIAa.KA) aircraft that crashed into a mountain in northern Pakistan on Wednesday survived the accident, the airline’s chairman said.”There are no survivors, no one has survived,” Muhammad Azam Saigol told a press conference late on Wednesday, about five hours after flight PK661 from Chitral to the capital, Islamabad, crashed near the town of Havelian, in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province.The airline had earlier announced 48 people were on board the aircraft.

Saigol said the ATR-42 aircraft had undergone regular maintenance and had in October passed an “A-check” certification, conducted after every 500 hours of flight operations.”I think that there was no technical error or human error … obviously there will be a proper investigation,” he said.

(Reporting by Asad Hashim, editing by Larry Kign)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

First Published On : Dec 7, 2016 23:05 IST

Comment using Disqus

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

Cricket Scores

India don’t need turning wickets, says captain Kohli | Reuters

By Amlan Chakraborty
| MOHALI, India

MOHALI, India India have enough skill to win test matches irrespective of the nature of the wicket, skipper Virat Kohli said after a comprehensive eight-wicket victory over England in the third test on Tuesday.Debates about pitches overshadowed India’s 3-0 series victory over South Africa last year, with the Nagpur track labelled “poor” by the International Cricket Council following the home team’s victory inside three days.There were no such demons at the Punjab Cricket Association Stadium where the tracks had something for the fast as well as the slow bowlers.”It’s been exactly 12 months since I was asked a question about us playing on unfair pitches,” Kohli said after a match where England paceman Ben Stokes claimed the only five-wicket haul.”Even when we played in Kolkata (against New Zealand) earlier this year we showed that we don’t need dry, square-turners.

“We have enough skill to play good cricket and win against any good team in the world. That’s the belief we have created in the changing room.”It was a perfectly good wicket for pace bowlers as well,” Kohli said. “Our guys really rushed in and put in an effort and got their results.

“It was a wicket if you persisted long enough you would get the results you wanted.”Since the series against South Africa last year, India have won in West Indies and beaten New Zealand to become the world’s number one test team.India are halfway through their bumper 13-test home season and Kohli was particularly happy with the depth of his bowling resources.

“It boosts your confidence up a notch when you have quality bowlers in reserve as well. As a captain you always feel you can ask your main guys to push themselves in every game,” he said.”We still have (pacemen) Ishant Sharma and Bhuvneshwar Kumar waiting for their chance, even spinner Amit Mishra is not playing. The good thing is whoever is playing is standing up and making his presence felt.” (Editing by Tony Jimenez)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

First Published On : Nov 29, 2016 19:33 IST

Let’s go clean, the robotic way

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Robots to collect biomedical waste, clean water bodies, clear thousands of tonnes of garbage from the site of Haj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia and even a robotic E-bin from South Africa… students at the World Robot Olympiad had ideas aplenty on how to achieve a Swachh Bharat, the robotic, safe and non-hazardous way.Amongst the participants at this year’s edition, the first time India is hosting the event, was 13-year-old Navya, a Class IX student of St Joseph’s in Mumbai, who remembers being appalled when she read about a nurse who had to pick up biomedical waste with her bare hands and contracted Hepatitis B. That prompted Navya and her two friends, Anshu, 10, and Soham, 13, to come up with the Nurse Assistant, a robot to do the job.It took them six months of hard work. “We researched a lot before starting this project. We read lots of articles on how nurses in hospitals collect biomedical waste, which is really dangerous for their health. So we have come up with this robot, which will clean biomedical waste in a more efficient manner,” she said.Little wonder that their stall at the Olympiad — being held at the India Expo Centre in Noida, with the theme ‘Rap the Scrap’ in line with the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan — was a popular one with many visitors stopping by.Caregivers like doctors, nurses and ward-boys in hospitals are multiple times more prone to catching infections as they are in close proximity with the sick and handle biomedical waste without requisite precautions. In Mumbai’s Sewri TB Hospital, Asia’s largest centre for treating TB, for instance, close to 200 caregivers have been infected with the disease. Of these, 40, including a senior doctor, have died.”It is a very good idea to pick up biomedical waste with help of robots. This reduces human contact. It will reduce infections that can be caused due to pricks in healthy caregivers,” said Dr Lalit Anande, senior medical officer at Sewri.Amongst the thousands of students, from as young as nine to 25, from 51 countries was 11-year-old Krishna, a Class VII student from Manav Rachna School in Faridabad, who has created a robot that can clean small and large water bodies.”Our robot is an autonomous vehicle that collects garbage from various water bodies, removing harmful algae near garbage patches to increase the level of oxygen. After collecting the garbage, it drops it in the recycling factory,” he said.From South Africa were Dilan, 12, and Aydin, 9, with the unique robot, E-bin. “The E-bin has a bar-code with three sections — plastic, paper and metal– and a barcode detector. When one has to throw something in the E-bin, one will bring it near the detector and the section where your waste is meant to be opens automatically,” Dilan explained.And then there was an all-girls team from Saudi Arabia, whose robot is called Haram, named after the mosque in the sacred Ka’bah. “Every year, around 14,000 tons of garbage is collected from the Haj site. There are no proper arrangement for its recycling in Saudi Arabia. So, we have made the Robo-Haram which will collect the trash from the site after every Haj and Umrah and process it for recycling,” said 16-year-old Jasmine.The three-day event, ending Sunday, was organised by the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) in collaboration with India STEM Foundation (ISF).

India has briefed OIC members about Pakistan’s role in terror: Govt in Rajya Sabha

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –> India has, at a high level, briefed its interlocutors in several countries including in the member states of Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) about Pakistan’s role in aiding and abetting terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir, Rajya Sabha was informed on Thursday. Replying to a written question on whether the Pakistan government has sent 22 special envoys to world capitals to talk on the Kashmir issue, Minister of State in External Affairs M J Akbar said according to Pakistan media sources, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif designated 22 ‘special envoys’ to apprise the world about the alleged “human rights abuses committed by Indian forces in Jammu & Kashmir”. These special envoys visited Belgium, China, France, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the UK, the US and the UN (New York and Geneva), he said.”The government at a high level briefed our interlocutors in the concerned countries, including in the member states of Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), about Pakistan’s role in aiding and abetting terrorism in J&K and stressed that Pakistan’s policy of glorying anti-India terrorists and supporting cross-border terrorism had negatively affected peace and stability in the entire region. “Efforts of these envoys (of Pakistan) do not seem to have gained much traction,” Akbar asserted.Replying to a separate question, he said India has taken up with the Russian government its decision to conduct joint military drills with Pakistan as some reports indicated the joint exercises were to be held in Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir. In response, the Russian side clarified that the exercises would not be held in POK, the minister added.

Bangladesh blues just the start for England — India awaits | Reuters

Bangladesh blues just the start for England — India awaits | Reuters

Updated: Oct 31, 2016 13:05 IST

‘);
FB.XFBML.parse();
*/
});

By Sudipto Ganguly
| MUMBAI

MUMBAI If England’s struggles in Bangladesh are anything to go by, they could be in for an even rougher ride in India over the next couple of months when they take on the world’s number one side in a five-match series in similar spin-friendly conditions.England narrowly won the opening test against Bangladesh in Chittagong by 22 runs before losing the second by 108 runs in Dhaka, their first defeat to the South Asian side in 10 tests.Alastair Cook’s men looked well placed to maintain their perfect record against Bangladesh by reaching 100 without loss at tea while chasing 273, but lost all 10 wickets in the final session to lose inside three days. Bangladesh are ranked ninth among the world’s 10 test playing nations and had won just seven of their 94 tests before Sunday — five against minnows Zimbabwe and two against second-string West Indies sides.Joe Root’s meagre average of 24.50 was the highest of England’s top five in the batting order in four innings in Bangladesh, with Cook, Ben Duckett and Moeen Ali all averaging in the low 20s while Gary Ballance could muster only 24 runs.”We showed our inexperience in these conditions,” Cook said after the defeat. “A lot of these guys have not played many test matches and when that ball got rolling we found it very hard to stop.”You lose a couple of wickets, then men come round the bat and the crowd get into it. Being able to deal with it and get through it is crucial.”England, who will travel with the same squad, can expect more of the same in India.

Under Virat Kohli India have won their last four test series, including a 3-0 win in a four-match contest against South Africa last year and the recent 3-0 whitewash of New Zealand at home.STOKES CRUCIAL
Off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin took 58 wickets in those seven home tests against South Africa and New Zealand and will be licking his lips at the prospect of bowling against the English batsmen after their struggles against Mehedi Hasan.

Off-spinner Mehedi, who made his debut and turned 19 during the series, finished with 19 wickets in the two matches.England are the last team to win a test series in India when they beat the hosts 2-1 in a four-match series in 2012.Spinners Graeme Swann and Monty Panesar had a huge impact on that series, ably supported by England’s most prolific wicket-taker James Anderson, who has been left out of the 16-man squad due to injury and is expected to only join the tour later.All-rounder Ben Stokes scored the most runs and was joint highest wicket-taker with Moeen against Bangladesh. His role will be crucial for the side against India, who will use the Decision Review System on a trial basis during the series.

The influential Indian board (BCCI) has long been a staunch opponent of the DRS system, which aims to reduce umpiring errors by detecting edges and predicting the ball trajectory to ensure correct catch and leg-before decisions.With the England spinners being out-bowled by their Bangladesh counterparts, Cook has no qualms in accepting that his side will travel to India as ‘heavy underdogs’.”We’re not hiding behind the fact that we haven’t got world-class spinners,” Cook rued. “It doesn’t mean our spinners are bad bowlers. “We’ve got guys who can bowl some really good balls and spells. But we can’t quite control well enough at the moment. We don’t hold our length and line well enough. “We bowl jaffas, but we’re easy to knock off strike and we don’t build the kind of pressure we’d like.” (Editing by Peter Rutherford)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

Will contribute constructively to India’s NSG bid:New Zealand

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The New Zealand on Wednesday committed to contribute “constructively” to the process leading to India’s membership in the elite Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). Even though the commitment, made by visiting Kiwi prime minister John Key, during his bilateral discussions with his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi is here is seen as alteration in the New Zealand’s opposition to India’s entry into the club, but it is also seen not a firm assurance to help India’s bid to enter into the elite club so soon. At the last NSG plenary meeting, it had teamed up with China, South Africa, Ireland, Turkey and Austria, to oppose India, raising the issue of its not signing of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).Official sources here said New Zealand showed understanding of India’s clean energy needs and the importance of predictability in global rules on nuclear commerce in enabling the expansion of nuclear energy in India. “There is a process underway within the NSG on the membership issue. New Zealand conveyed that it would be constructively engaged on India’s membership of the NSG and would work with the others in the NSG,” they said.Referring to the ongoing ODI series between the two countries, Modi said some cricketing terms were apt description of the progress made in the two countries’ bilateral ties. “In a little while from now, our cricket teams will take the field in Ranchi for the fourth one-day international. In many ways, some of the cricketing terminology reflects progress in our bilateral linkages. In our ties, we have moved from fielding at long off to taking a fresh guard at the batting pitch. Defensive play has given way to aggressive batting,” Modi said. Key quipped that he is thankful to Modi for not raising his country’s poor performance in the series so far. New Zealand were whitewashed 0-3 in the Test series and are trailing in the ongoing five-match ODI series as well. “You have spoken about the cricket taking place in India but gracious enough not to be talking about the fact that India has been triumphing over New Zealand,” Key said in a lighter vein.The two sides also inked three pacts including one pertaining to Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and decided to establish Foreign Minister-level dialogue as well as exchanges on cyber issues. On security and counter-terrorism ties, Modi said they have agreed to strengthen security and intelligence cooperation against terrorism and radicalisation, including in the domain of cyber security.Identifying food processing, dairy and agriculture, and related areas in their supply chain as some of the areas of particular potential for bilateral cooperation, Modi said New Zealand’s strength and capacity in these sectors can combine with India’s vast technology needs to build partnerships that can benefit both the societies. India has been revising double taxation avoidance pacts with countries with a view to check tax evasion and bring them in line with OECD norms.

India, China discord among issues that could capsize BRICS: China

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>India-China differences and their discord over Pakistan are among differences in the BRICS that could “capsize” the grouping if the member nations fail to address competition and disagreements among them, Chinese media said. BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) nations, “while achieving substantial benefits through their joint efforts, must also face up to the divergence in their interests, which has given rise to concerns that the group is losing its shine”, an article in state-run Global Times on the Goa BRICS summit said. “Territorial disputes between China and India have been an obstinate disease between the two sides. Additionally, some Indians believe that China supports Pakistan, which is viewed as tantamount to supporting terrorism,” it said. “It has been argued that the BRICS members face three key issues: the lack of a solid foundation for shared interests, a weak cooperation mechanism and external pressures. If the member countries aren’t careful enough, they might capsize while sailing around the world,” the article said. In regards to shared interests, “competition and disagreement between the BRICS nations have been an impediment”, said the article titled ‘BRICS need to address challenges to strengthen ties’ written by a think-tank from Renmin University. “The five emerging countries all value exports and foreign investment, resulting in inevitable collisions and friction as they compete for resources, market footholds and foreign investment inflows,” it said. Accusing India, Brazil and South of Africa “sending signals of trade protectionism”, it said the three “often seek to launch anti-dumping probes against China”. “India and Brazil have been among the countries that have implemented the biggest number of protectionist measures against China,” it said. Yet another impeding factor is the divergent political and economic pursuits among BRICS states, it said. Brazil and South Africa hope that cooperation within BRICS will boost their regional influence both politically and economically, while Russia cares more about the BRICS’ political and strategic importance, it said. “The second risk that BRICS faces is an insufficient cooperation mechanism. In addition to the recently concluded eighth annual BRICS summit in Goa, many ministerial meetings are held annually. “However, the grouping of BRICS remains a loose union lacking stability. There is yet to be any institutions such as a secretariat or any guidelines and procedures designed for BRICS cooperation,” it said. “Ever since the launch of BRICS, Western countries have never ceased courting or alienating individual BRICS countries or elbowing them out from participating in the global governance. India has always been a target for the US to contain BRICS members within the club of emerging powers. By launching the Trans-Pacific Partnership, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership and Trade in Services Agreement, the US aims to isolate BRICS countries, putting more pressure on developing countries,” it said.

India outmaneuvered Pak by using Brics, Bimstec to brand Islamabad a regional pariah: Chinese media

Beijing: India has “outmanoeuvred” Pakistan by effectively branding it as a “regional pariah” during Goa Brics-Bimstec summit where the country presented itself as a “bright spot”, strengthening its case for the NSG membership and a permanent seat in UNSC, state-run Chinese media said on Wednesday.

“Given the uneasy background of Indo-Pak tension, which escalated last month, India’s inclusion of Bimstec (The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) bore even thicker geo-strategic connotations,” an article in the state-run Global Times said.

“As India invited all countries in the region except Pakistan, it in effect consigned Pakistan to be a regional pariah,” the article titled ‘India uses Brics to outmanoeuvre Pakistan’, said.

Brics leaders posing for a group photo before the summit in Benaulim, Goa. PTIBrics leaders posing for a group photo before the summit in Benaulim, Goa. PTI

Brics leaders posing for a group photo before the summit in Benaulim, Goa. PTI

Referring to India’s decision not to attend the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc) summit to be held in Islamabad after the Uri attack, it said, “The collapse of the Saarc summit presented India a rare opportunity to get rid of any constraints Islamabad may have over the regional group, as the same group would soon gather in Goa in the absence of Pakistan”.

Bimstec also made a major difference for India at the Goa summit, it said. “A major difference between the Goa summit and the previous ones was that New Delhi put the (Bimstec) in tandem with the Brics meeting,” it said

By bringing regional countries – Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Nepal and Bhutan – together with the major emerging economies of the Brics, the daily said, India breathed legitimacy and substance into an otherwise “hallow and moribund acronym organisation”.

“While the rest of the Brics members would never openly endorse either side in the Indo-Pak tension, India in a way secured its stance vis-à-vis Pakistan by taking advantages of its agenda-setting powers for the summits,” it said.

“While the prospect of Bimstec as a more effective alternative to Saarc remains ambiguous, a subcontinent grouping without Pakistan balancing and checking a dominant India may well raise suspicions and fear for smaller countries,” it said.

The summit also helped India to push for its membership in the NSG, which was blocked by China, as well as for a permanent seat in the UN Security Council (UNSC), it said.

“The Brics summit brings India an ideal mechanism to articulate and push for its reformist demands together with like-minded countries. This common front became particularly valuable for New Delhi, especially as its arduous bids for Nuclear Suppliers Group’s (NSG) membership as well as for a permanent seat on an enlarged United Nation Security Council have both met frustration,” it said.

The daily said that India successfully projected itself as the fastest growing economy compared to other members of the Brics (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). “During the summit, India presented itself as a bright spot in a bloc whose other members have been buffeted by economic headwinds to varying degrees. With a GDP growth rate of 7.5 percent in 2015 against a rather gloomy global backdrop, India has replaced China as the world’s fastest-growing large economy,” the article said.

“Only three years ago, India was still labeled as one of the ‘RIBS’, whose feeble and volatile growth contrasted sharply to China’s robust performance. Nowadays, the Russian and Brazilian economies have deteriorated into recession, South Africa struggles to avoid the same fate, and China’s decades-long economic boom has geared down,” it said.

“But India finds confidence in talking about economic matters. After all, the setbacks undergone by its fellow countries made India’s recent economic achievements shine even brighter in comparison,” it said.

“Although India’s domestic reforms have only made limited inroads in key areas such as land acquisition and labour regulation, an aspirant (Prime Minister Narendra) Modi equipped with newly-gained confidence on India’s growth prospects has clearly made the country more proactive,” it said.

For India, the daily said, this Brics summit has been a wonderful platform to coordinate efforts in reforming current global economic and finance governance. “This effect becomes more visible as the operationalisation of the New Development Bank (NDB) and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) have put pressures on the current international finance system, giving India tangible leverage in demanding relevant reforms,” it said.

For example, the Goa Declaration urges advanced European economies to cede two chairs on the Executive Board of the IMF, to which India may have an “upper hand to claim thanks to its huge potential and robust growth recently,” it said.

Brics a damp squib: Narendra Modi govt should check its obsession with Pakistan

The Brics summit and the overlapping Bimstec outreach meet of regional powers in Goa over the weekend were hyped up beyond expectation to deliver unrealistic results. “It was a damp squib,” said former Cabinet Secretary Naresh Chandra. While terrorism was part of the Goa Declaration, Pakistan was not named. This had to do with China, and Russia did not try to overrule President Xi Jinping either. In its obsession with Pakistan, India overlooked the obvious: China would play its hand.

Beijing had done so on the issue of Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and over Masood Azhar in the UN Security Council. Why did India believe that China would change its views? That is a question both Indian diplomats and the government must answer.

Goa was to play a pivotal part in India’s diplomatic efforts to isolate Pakistan. Terror emanating from Pakistan was to be the main focus at both these meets. Ever since the Uri attack, Indian diplomacy has got stuck on a one point agenda: get the world to side with you and condemn Pakistan. This is all very well, but at a time when Indian ambitions of being a global player under Prime Minister Narendra Modi is soaring, the constant focus on Pakistan is bringing the country down to the India-Pakistan sub continental matrix.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Image courtesy: PIB

Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Image courtesy: PIB

This is something successive governments had fought against for decades. Delhi would be piqued, if visiting dignitaries, especially from the US and other western nations, would also visit Pakistan. India wanted to break away from this with its connotations of the South Asian context. After Uri, India’s entire foreign policy seems to be entirely focused on Pakistan.

“The Goa meet is a textbook lesson on how not to conduct India’s diplomacy,” said the former bureaucrat who has a good hold on foreign affairs. He was also India’s ambassador to the US when India conducted its nuclear tests in 1998. Considering that the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa grouping of the emerging economies is more a trade body, it was not a forum to hammer home the point about Pakistan and terror. India’s diplomatic surge in Brics was ill-timed.

Much more important is the fact that with China batting for Pakistan all along, it was to be expected that no anti-Pakistan statement would be reflected in the communiqué at the end of the Summit. Indian diplomats are well aware of the changing relations in world politics. Russia’s ties with the US has reached rock bottom. It is almost as if the Cold War era is back.

On Syria, Russia and US are on opposite sides. Washington has accused President Vladimir Putin’s men of trying to influence the US elections by hacking into sensitive email accounts. Putin is now the villain, much like what Iraq’s Saddam Hussain was before the Iraq invasion. Putin is smarting under the US insults, which are thrown at him every single day. He is coming closer to China and in the equation, China for the moment is calling the shots. At the same time, Moscow cannot but be unaware of India’s growing closeness to the US. Moscow’s overtures to Pakistan, including holding of joint military exercises, may also be due to China’s prodding.

According to Chandra, Russia is keen to be a part of the China-Pakistan economic corridor. This may one day also extend to Afghanistan. In these circumstances India would have been day dreaming if it wanted a strong anti-Pakistan statement. Islamabad will be crowing that the two major powers, China and India’s old friend Russia had refused to turn Brics into a anti-Pakistan platform.

India’s ultra nationalist media has also played into the narrative. Either a country is with India or against India. There are no shades here. Other countries national and strategic interests are of little importance. Condemn Pakistan and make it pay for its sponsorship of terrorism. India is delighted with phrases describing Pakistan as the ivy league of terror, a fountain head of terror. But in the end except for pleasing the domestic audience, what does it achieve? Precious little.

Much was made of a young Indian diplomat being fielded at the UN General Assembly to reply to Nawaz Sharif’s Kashmir-centric speech, but what did that achieve really. Again the domestic constituency was thrilled, but what else. Perhaps this is what the government is hoping to impress ahead of crucial elections in pivotal states like Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Manipur early next year.

India has been more successful with the Bimstec countries. Bangladesh and Bhutan are with India. So is Sri Lanka, though the government is coming under criticism for pulling out of Saarc, at what is seen as following India’s diktat. Nepal’s Prachanda is also under fire. The smaller regional powers may well be with Delhi but that is neither here or there, when Russia and China have stood by Pakistan.

Brics Goa Summit: Real test lies in meeting goals, not treat them as rhetoric

The eighth Brics Summit (attended by the heads of the governments of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) has just concluded in Goa.

Going by the news coverage (both print and television), one got an impression as if the summit’s sole focus was to evolve a mechanism to fight the menace of terrorism in the world. That there was no consensus on the subject among the five leaders – Brazilian President Michel Temer, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Chinese President Xi Jinping and South African President Jacob Zuma — particularly in naming some leading terrorists of the world and their supporters, has been highlighted in the media the most. But then the fact remains that combating “global terror” was only one item of the lengthy agenda at the summit.

What about the rest?

The summit concluded with a 109-point Goa Declaration. It has emphasised: “The importance of further strengthening Brics solidarity and cooperation based on our common interests and key priorities to further strengthen our strategic partnership in the spirit of openness, solidarity, equality, mutual understanding, inclusiveness and mutually beneficial cooperation. We agree that emerging challenges to global peace and security and to sustainable development require further enhancing of our collective efforts.” In other words, what the five leaders, representing nearly 2/3rd of the world’s population, deliberated on the identification of many major global challenges and how to meet these challenges. Obviously, these challenges related to three major areas — global politics, security and economy.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Brics leaders in Goa. PTI

Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Brics leaders in Goa. PTI

And, as in the past summits, the one in Goa turned out to be a platform to express dissatisfaction with the shortcomings in the system of global governance, but it did not project itself as “a vehicle to overturn the system itself”. This point needs to be emphasised, for there is a wrong notion that Brics is meant to be an alternative to the global institutions such as the United Nations (UN) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

In fact, the Goa Declaration said, “We reaffirm our commitment to contribute to safeguarding a fair and equitable international order based on the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations including through consistent and universal respect and adherence to the principles and rules of international law in their inter-relation and integrity, compliance by all states with their international legal obligations.”

They further added, “We reaffirm the need for a comprehensive reform of the UN, including its Security Council, with a view to making it more representative, effective and efficient, and to increase the representation of the developing countries so that it can adequately respond to global challenges. China and Russia reiterate the importance they attach to the status and role of Brazil, India and South Africa in international affairs and support their aspiration to play a greater role in the UN.”

On the economic challenges, the Brics leaders at Goa “welcome(ed) the adoption of landmark 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals during the UN Summit on Sustainable Development on 25 September, 2015 and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development.” They talked of “the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted during G20 Hangzhou Summit and commit to its implementation by taking bold transformative steps through both collective and individual concrete actions.”

Importantly, they reiterated their “determination to use all policy tools – monetary, fiscal, and structural, individually and collectively, to achieve the goal of strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth. Monetary policy will continue to support economic activity and ensure price stability, consistent with central bank’s mandates. Monetary policy alone, though, cannot lead to balanced and sustainable growth. We, in this regard, underscore the essential role of structural reforms. We emphasise that our fiscal policies are equally important to support our common growth objectives. We also take note that the spill-over effects of certain policy measures in some systemically important advanced economies can have adverse impact on growth prospects of emerging economies.”

Few can find faults with goalposts set by the Brics leaders in Goa. However, the real test lies in the cooperative endeavours at realising the goals by not treating them as rhetoric. And on this front, the report card of the Brics has not been very impressive. The Goa summit proved that China was not exactly in tune with India’s concerns over terrorism. Though the Goa Declaration did talk of the need for reforms in the United Nations, the fact remains that China has a completely different view from the rest four on the expansion of the UN Security Council.

On the economic front, while they all may agree on the better functioning of the World Bank, greater transparency of the IMF, non-discriminatory global trade and the developed countries “honouring” their ODA (Official Development Assistance) commitments to achieve 0.7% of Gross National Income commitment for the developing countries; the bitter truth is that the five Brics are not in a position to fulfill their own commitments for the structural reforms of their respective economies. Each one of them has its own peculiar domestic and regional challenges. China and Russia have essentially authoritarian systems of governance, whereas India, South Africa and Brazil are democracies where taking hard decisions are, more often than not, slow and politically risky.

This is particularly true of South Africa and Brazil. South Africa’s ruling African National Congress party has suffered its worst election result in the recent local elections since it came to power in 1994, threatening its rule in several of the country’s biggest cities. Its vote share has sunk to 55 percent, which is humiliating for President Jacob Zuma, who is surrounded by a number of scandals and been blamed by many for overseeing a corrupt administration. And this is no good news for the South African economy.

According to The The Economist magazine, with the weakening of President Zuma’s position, “economic growth will remain subdued in 2016, at 0.5%, held back by power shortages” and “growth will edge up to average 1.8% a year in 2017-20 as constraints ease gradually. The current-account deficit will be a source of concern, leaving the country reliant on foreign capital to plug the hole.”

Similarly, with the recent impeachment of the elected President Dilma Roussseff, Brazil is at a crossroad. Vice-President Temer has ascended to the Presidency at a time when Brazil continues under a period of turmoil. The country has been under recession, with Brazil’s economy contracting by 3.8 percent in 2015, and that figure could be matched in 2016. Inflation hit 10 percent by the end of 2015, and the fiscal deficit has also reached double digits. These economic challenges could have been addressed with decisive policy reforms, but the ongoing political crisis has led to a complete government gridlock.

Even Russia’s economy is not in the best of shape these days. Russia is also in some sort of recession as oil prices tailspin and Western sanctions following its takeover of Crimea really pinch. That leaves only China and India that are witnessing still respectable annual growth rates. But then, the fact remains that from around more than 10 percent annual rate of growth, China has come down now to less than 7 percent. India’s growth rate at 7.6 percent is the highest among all the Brics countries. But seen overall, the growth rate of Brics is really a disappointment compared to what it was estimated at originally.

It may be noted that in 2001, Goldman Sachs analyst Jim O’Neill had coined the term “Bric” (Brazil, Russia, India and China) to encapsulate what he predicted would be the four most dynamic emerging market economies of the new century. For him then, these countries (he saw their grouping to be a purely economic entity) would have extraordinary growth rates and there would be tremendous investment opportunities. Then the Bric liked the idea so much that they formed an official club (2009). Later they invited South Africa and became Brics (South Africa joined their ranks in 2011.) But the irony is that rating agencies like the Goldman Sachs are highly disappointed today with the Brics’ uneven economic performance in recent years (in fact, following the years of losses, Goldman Sachs closed its “Bric fund” in November 2015). So much so that the Brics has doubted their objectivity and is thinking of creating a ‘Brics credit rating agency’ (Modi is a big advocate of this idea), an idea on which the five heads of government could not reach a consensus in Goa.

Of course, to its credit, the Brics has created the New Development Bank (NDB), a $100 billion lending platform that will finance infrastructure projects in the Brics and other developing countries, and a $100 billion currency pool known as the Contingency Reserve Arrangement (CRA), which will aim to cushion the Brics economies from global financial pressures. The bank, which went operational last year, with leading Indian banker KV Kamath as its first head, has already done $900 million lending for renewable energy projects in Brics countries and is targeting at $2.5 billion lending for the coming calendar year. However, consensus eluded in Goa on establishing the connectivity between the NDB and the export-import banks of the member countries to facilitate trade among them. All told, the intra-Brics trade is not that healthy. For instance, in 2015, China had more trade with the United States alone than with its Brics partners combined. It earned $482 billion in exports to the US last year against a modest $244 billion to “the Brics family”.

This is not to suggest that Brics is nothing but “a fairytale”, a term that some Western critics use to describe the grouping. Brics might not have achieved much; but its very existence does signify that there is much to improve on the front of global governance.

In that sense, Daniel Chardell, a research associate in the International Institutions and Global Governance Programme at the Council on Foreign Relations, says, “The Brics may just be a symbol, but they are also a symptom of the world’s impatience with business as usual.”

Pakistan accuses PM Modi of misleading BRICS on terrorism

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Strongly reacting to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s remarks that Pakistan is the “mothership of terrorism”, Nawaz Sharif’s Advisor on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz on Sunday accused the PM Modi of “misleading” the BRICS countries over the issue.”Mr Modi is misleading his BRICS and BIMSTEC colleagues,” Aziz said. He also alleged that the Indian leadership is “desperately trying to hide its brutalities” in Jammu and Kashmir.Pakistan Foreign Office (FO) said that Aziz reacted strongly to Modi’s statement during his address at the BRICS summit in Goa in which he called Pakistan a “mothership” of terrorism world-wide. Aziz said Pakistan joins all the members of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) and BIMSTEC in condemning terrorism and reaffirms its full commitment to fight the menace of terrorism without discrimination, “including against the Indian state-sponsored terrorism on Pakistani soil”.Aziz said the UN Human Rights High Commissioner in Geneva and the Secretary General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) have called for sending a fact finding mission to Kashmir. He said the UN and OIC have “rejected Indian attempts to equate Kashmiris’ movement for self-determination with terrorism.” He said the UN has repeatedly emphasised that people fighting for their self-determination cannot be categorised as terrorists by the occupying state.Accusing India of “terror financing”, Aziz said “India has no moral ground to even talk about counter-terrorism efforts let alone do the finger pointing.”

Brics summit: Full text of Goa Declaration adopted by member nations

According to a statement released by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), here is the full text of the Goa Declaration adopted by Brics nations:

We, the Leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa, met on 15-16 October 2016 in Goa, India, at the Eighth BRICS Summit, which was held under the theme “Building Responsive, Inclusive and Collective Solutions.”

Recalling all our previous declarations, we emphasise the importance of further strengthening BRICS solidarity and cooperation based on our common interests and key priorities to further strengthen our strategic partnership in the spirit ofopenness, solidarity,equality, mutual understanding, inclusiveness and mutually beneficial cooperation. We agree that emerging challenges to global peace and security and to sustainable development require further enhancing of our collective efforts.

We agree that BRICS countries represent an influential voice on the global stage through our tangible cooperation, which delivers direct benefits to our people. In this context, we note with satisfaction the operationalisation of the New Development Bank (NDB) and of the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA), which contributes greatly to the global economy and the strengthening of the international financial architecture. We welcome the report presented by NDB President on the work of the Bank during the first year of its operations. We are pleased to note the progress in operationalising the Africa Regional Centre (ARC) of the NDB and pledge our full support in this regard. We look forward to developing new BRICS initiatives in a wider range of areas in the years to come.

We note with appreciation the approval of the first set of loans by the New Development Bank (NDB), particularly in the renewable energy projects in BRICS countries. We express satisfaction with NDB’s issuance of the first set of green bonds in RMB. We are pleased to note that the operationalisation of BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangements (CRA) has strengthened the global financial safety net.

In order to reach out and enrich our understanding and engagement with fellow developingand emerging economies, we will hold an OutreachSummit of BRICS Leaders with the Leaders of BIMSTEC member countries – Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation comprising of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The meeting will be an opportunity to renew our friendship with BIMSTEC countries as well as to jointly explore possibilities of expanding trade and commercial ties,and investment cooperation between BRICS and BIMSTEC countries,while advancing our common goals of peace, development, democracy and prosperity.

PM Modi. Courtesy: PIB

PM Modi. Courtesy: PIB

We reiterate our common vision of ongoing profound shifts in the world as it transitions to a more just, democratic, and multi-polar international order based on the central role of the United Nations, and respect for international law. We reaffirm the need for strengthening coordination of efforts on global issues and practical cooperation in the spirit of solidarity, mutual understanding and trust. We underline the importance of collective efforts in solving international problems, and for peaceful settlement of disputes through political and diplomatic means, and in this regard, we reiterate our commitment to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

We note the global character of current security challenges and threats confronting the international community. We reiterate our view that international efforts to address these challenges, the establishment ofsustainable peace as well as the transition to a more just, equitable and democratic multi-polar international order requires a comprehensive, concerted and determined approach, based on spirit of solidarity, mutual trust and benefit, equity and cooperation, strong commitment to international law and the central role of the United Nations as the universal multilateral organisation entrusted with the mandate for maintaining international peace and security, advance global development and to promote and protect human rights. We underline the importance of further strengthening coordination of our efforts in this context.

We reaffirm our commitment to contribute to safeguarding a fair and equitable international order based on the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations including through consistent and universal respect and adherence to the principles and rules of international law in their inter-relation and integrity, compliance by all states with their international legal obligations.We express our commitment to resolutely reject the continued attempts to misrepresent the results of World War II. We recall further that development and security are closely interlinked, mutually reinforcing and key to attaining sustainable peace.

We remain confident that resolving international problems require collective efforts for peaceful settlement of disputes through political and diplomatic means. Implementation of principles of good-faith, sovereign equality of States, non-intervention in the internal affairs of States and cooperation excludes imposition of unilateral coercive measures not based on international law. We condemn unilateral military interventions and economic sanctions in violation of international law and universally recognised norms of international relations. Bearing this in mind, we emphasise the unique importance of the indivisible nature of security, and that no State should strengthen its security at the expense of the security of others.

We recall the 2005 World Summit Outcome document. We reaffirm the need for a comprehensive reform of the UN, including its Security Council, with a view to making it more representative, effective and efficient, and to increase the representation of the developing countriesso that it can adequately respond to global challenges. China and Russia reiterate the importance they attach to the status and role of Brazil, India and South Africa in international affairs and support their aspiration to play a greater role in the UN.
We welcome the substantive measures undertaken by the UN membership to make the process of selecting and appointing the UN Secretary-General more transparent and inclusive.

We expressour gratitude to UN Secretary-General Mr. Ban Ki-moon for his contributions to the United Nations in the past ten years. We congratulate Mr. AntónioGuterres, on his appointment as the Secretary-General of the United Nations andexpress oursupport and to work closely with him.

Cognizant of BRICS countries’ significant contributions to UN Peacekeeping operations, and recognising the important role of UN Peacekeeping operations in safeguarding international peace and security, we realise the challenges faced by UN Peacekeeping and emphasise the need to further strengthen its role, capacity, effectiveness, accountability and efficiency, while adhering to the basic principles of peacekeeping. We emphasise that UN Peacekeeping operations should perform the duty of protection of civilians in strict accordance with their respective mandates and in respect of the primary responsibility of the host countries in this regard.

We are deeply concerned about the situation in the Middle East and North Africa. We support all effortsfor finding ways to the settlement of the crises in accordance with international law and in conformity with the principles of independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty of the countries of the region. On Syria, we call upon all parties involved to work for a comprehensive and peaceful resolution of the conflict taking into account the legitimate aspirations of the people of Syria,through inclusive national dialogue and a Syrian-led political process based on Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012 and in pursuance of the UN Security Council Resolution 2254 and 2268 for their full implementation.While continuing the relentless pursuit against terrorist groups so designated by the UN Security Councilincluding ISIL, Jabhat al-Nusra and other terrorist organisations designated by the UN Security Council.

We reiterate also the necessity to implement the two-state solution of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict on the basis of the relevant UNSC resolutions, the Madrid Principles and Arab Peace Initiative, and previous agreements between the two sides,through negotiations aimed at creating an independent, viable, territorially contiguous Palestinian State livingside-by-side in peace with Israel, withinsecure, mutually agreed and internationally recognised borders on the basis of 1967 lines, with East Jerusalem as its capital, as envisaged in the relevant UN Resolutions.

We express deep concern at the persisting security challenges in Afghanistan and significant increase in terrorist activities in Afghanistan. We affirm support to the efforts of the Afghan Government to achieve Afghan-led and Afghan-owned national reconciliation and combat terrorism, and readiness for constructive cooperation in order to facilitate security in Afghanistan, promote its independent political and economic course, becoming free from terrorism and drug trafficking. The Leaders expressed the view that capable and effective Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) should be the key to the stabilisation of Afghanistan. In this regard, the Leaders emphasised the need for continued commitment of regional countries and wider international community, including the NATO-led Resolute Support Mission, which as the ISAF’s heir has a key role in the ANSF capacity-building. The Leaders stressed the importance of multilateral region-led interaction on Afghan issues, primarily by those organisations, which consist of Afghanistan’s neighbouring countries and other regional states, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, Collective Security Treaty Organization, and the Heart of Asia Conference.

We welcome the African Union’s (AU) vision, aspirations, goals and priorities for Africa’s development enshrined in Agenda 2063, which is complementary with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We reaffirm our support for Africa’s implementation of its variousprogrammesin pursuit of its continental agenda for peace and socio economic development. We will continue to engage in joint endeavours to advance Africa’s solidarity, unity and strength through support measures for regional integration and sustainable development.We further welcome recent elections that have been held in the continent and the peaceful manner in which they were conducted.
We support the AU’s efforts to resolving conflictsthrough its peace and security architecture, in collaboration with the United Nations and the continent’s regional organisations, and to contribute towards lasting and sustainable peace and security in Africa.

We welcome the decision of the African Union’s Assembly to operationalise its Peace Fund, in order to contribute to financing of its peace and security operations. We support efforts aimed at full operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) and note the progress being made in this regard, including the contributions by the African Capacity for Immediate Responses to Crises (ACIRC).

We express our concern that political and security instability continues to loom in a number of countriesthat is exacerbated by terrorism and extremism.We call upon the international community through the United Nations, African Union and regional and international partners to continue their support in addressing these challenges, including post-conflict reconstruction and development efforts.

We welcome the adoption of landmark 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals during the UN Summit on Sustainable Development on 25 September 2015 and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development. We welcome the people-centred and holistic approach to sustainable development enshrined in the 2030 Agenda and its emphasis on equality, equity and quality-life to all. We welcome the reaffirmation of the guiding principles of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, including the principle of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR).

The 2030 Agenda, with its overarching focus on povertyeradication, lays an equal and balanced emphasis on the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. We call upon developed countries to honour their Official Development Assistancecommitments to achieve 0.7% of Gross National Income commitment for Official Development Assistance to developing countries. Those commitments play a crucial role in the implementation of the SDGs. We further welcome the establishment of a Technology Facilitation Mechanism within the UN with a mandate to facilitate technology for the implementation of the SDGs.

We commit to lead by example in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development inline with national circumstances and development context respecting the national policy space. We welcome the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Developmentadopted during G20 Hangzhou Summit and commit to its implementation by taking bold transformative steps through both collective and individual concreteactions.

We meet at a time when the global economic recovery is progressing, with improved resilience and emergence of new sources of growth.The growth, though is weaker than expected with downside risks to the global economy continuing to persist.This gets reflected in a variety of challenges including commodity price volatility, weak trade, high private and public indebtedness, inequality and lack of inclusiveness of economic growth. Meanwhile, the benefits from growth need to be sharedbroadly in an inclusive manner.Geopolitical conflicts, terrorism, refugee flows, illicit financial flows and the outcome of UK referendum have further added to the uncertainty in the global economy.

We reiterate our determination to use all policy tools – monetary, fiscal, and structural, individually and collectively, to achieve the goal of strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth. Monetary policy will continue to support economic activity and ensure price stability, consistent with central bank’s mandates. Monetary policy alone, though, cannot lead to balanced and sustainablegrowth. We, in this regard, underscore the essential role of structural reforms.We emphasise that our fiscal policies are equally important to support our common growth objectives. We also take note that the spill-over effects ofcertain policy measures in some systemically important advanced economies can have adverse impact on growth prospects of emerging economies.

We recognise that innovation is a key driver for mid and long term growth and sustainable development. We stress the importance of industrialisation and measures that promote industrial development as a core pillar of structural transformation.
We highlight the need to use tax policy and public expenditure in a more growth-friendly way taking into account fiscal space available, that promotesinclusiveness, maintains resilience and ensuressustainability of debt as a share of GDP.

We note the dynamic integration processes across the regions of the world, particularly in Asia, Africa and South America.We affirm our belief to promote growth in the context of regional integration on the basis of principles of equality, openness and inclusiveness. We further believe that this will promote economic expansion through enhanced trade,commercial and investmentlinkages.

We highlight the importance of public and private investments in infrastructure, including connectivity,to ensure sustained long-term growth. We, in this regard, call for approaches to bridge the financing gap in infrastructure including through enhanced involvement of Multilateral Development Banks.

We reaffirm our commitment to a strong, quota based and adequately resourced IMF. Borrowed resources by the IMF should be on a temporary basis. We remain strongly committed to support the coordinated effort by the emerging economies to ensure that the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas, including the new quota formula, will be finalised within the agreed timelines so as to ensure that the increased voice of the dynamic emerging and developing economies reflects their relative contributions to the world economy, while protecting the voices of least developed countries (LDCs), poor countries and regions.

We welcome the inclusion of the RMB into the Special Drawing Rights (SDR) currency basket on 1October, 2016.

We call for the advanced European economies to meet their commitment to cede two chairs on the Executive Board of the IMF. The reform of the IMF should strengthen the voice and representation of the poorest members of the IMF, including Sub-Saharan Africa.

We share concerns regarding the challenges of sovereign debt restructurings, and note that timely and successful debt restructuring is key for ensuring access to international capital markets, and hence economic growth, for countries with high debt levels. We welcome the current discussions to improve the debt restructuring process,and on the revised collective action clauses (CACs).

We reiterate our support for the multilateral trading system and the centrality of the WTO as the cornerstone of a rule based, open, transparent, non-discriminatory and inclusive multilateral trading system with development at the core ofits agenda. We note the increasing number ofbilateral, regional, and plurilateral trade agreements, and reiterate that these should be complementary to the multilateral trading system and encourage the parties thereon to align their work in consolidating the multilateral trading system under the WTO in accordance with the principles of transparency, inclusiveness, and compatibility with the WTO rules.

We emphasise the importance of implementing the decisions taken at the Bali and Nairobi Ministerial Conferences. We stress the need to advance negotiations on the remaining Doha Development Agenda (DDA) issues as a matter of priority. We call on all WTO members to work together to ensure a strong development oriented outcome for MC11 and beyond.

We appreciate the progress in the implementation of the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership and emphasise the importance of the BRICS Roadmap for Trade, Economic and Investment Cooperation until 2020. We believe that close cooperation between the sectoral cooperation mechanisms, BRICS Contact Group on Economic and Trade Issues, the BRICS Business Council, New Development Bank and the BRICS Interbank cooperation mechanism is crucial in strengthening the BRICS economic partnership. We welcome, in this context, the continued realisation of the major BRICS economic initiatives such as enhanced cooperation in e-commerce, “single window”, IPR cooperation, trade promotionand micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs).We recognise non-tariff measures (NTMs),services sector, and standardisation and conformity assessments as possible areas of future cooperation.We note in this context the meeting of BRICS Trade Ministers in New Delhi on 13 October 2016 and welcome its substantive outcomes.

In operationalising the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership, we encourage measures that support greater participation, value addition and upward mobility in Global Value Chains of our firms including through the preservation of policy space to promote industrial development.

We welcome India’s initiative to host the first BRICS Trade Fair in New Delhi. This is an important step towards the implementation of Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership. We believethis will further consolidate trade and commercial partnership among BRICS countries. We welcome the deliberations and outcome of the meeting of BRICS Trade Ministers held on 13October 2016 in New Delhi.
We noted the Annual Report by the BRICS Business Council, including the various initiatives undertaken by its Working Groups. We further direct the Council to accelerate the development and realisation of joint projects which, on a mutually beneficial basis, contribute to the economic objectives of BRICS.

We agreed that MSMEs provide major employment opportunities, at comparatively lower capital cost, and create self-employment opportunities in rural and underdeveloped areas. MSMEs thus help assure equitable wealth distribution nationally and globally. We commend organisation of BRICSsecond round-table on MSMEs by India with a focus on technical and business alliances in MSMEs Sector. We agree to work for greater integration of MSMEs in Regional and Global Value Chains.

We commend China for the successful hosting of the 11th G20 Leaders’ Summit in Hangzhou and its focus on innovation, structural reform and development as drivers of medium and long term economic growth. We recognise the role of G20 as the premier forum for international and financial cooperation and emphasise the importance of the implementationof the outcomes of G20 Hangzhou Summit, that we believe will foster strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth and will contribute to improved global economic governance and enhance the role of developing countries.

We stress the importance to foster an innovative, invigorated, interconnected and inclusive world economy.We will enhance our consultations and coordinationon the G20 agenda, especially on issues of mutual interest to the BRICS countries, and promote issues of importance for the Emerging Market and Developing Economies (EMDEs). We will continue to work closely with all G20 membersto strengthen macroeconomic cooperation, promote innovation, as well as robust and sustainable trade and investment to propel global growth,improve global economic governance,enhance the role of developing countries,strengthen international financial architecture,support for industrialisation in Africa and least developed countries and enhance cooperation on energy access and efficiency. We stress the need for enhanced international cooperation to address illicit cross-border financial flows, tax evasion and trade mis-invoicing.

The role of BRICS and its collaborative efforts in the field of economic and financial co-operation are yielding positive results. We emphasise the importance of our cooperation in order to help stabilise the global economy and to resume growth.

We welcome experts exploring the possibility of setting up an independent BRICS Rating Agency based on market-oriented principles, in order to further strengthen the global governance architecture.

We welcome the reports of BRICS Think Tanks Council and BRICS Academic Forum that have emerged as valuable platforms for our experts to exchange views. They have submitted their valuable suggestions with regard to promoting market research and analysis in BRICS and developing countries and exploring possibilities of carrying this process forward.We believe that BRICS institution-building is critical to our shared vision of transforming the global financial architecture to one based on the principles of fairness and equity.

We emphasise the importance of enhancing intra-BRICS cooperation in the industrial sector, including through the BRICS Industry Ministers Meetings, in order to contribute to the accelerated and sustainable economic growth, the strengthening of comprehensive industrial ties, the promotion of innovation as well as job creation, and improvement of the quality of life of people in BRICS countries.

We congratulate the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) for the 50th anniversary of its foundation and recall its unique mandate to promote and accelerate inclusive and sustainable industrial development and its contribution in promoting industrialisation in Africa. We note, in this context, the progress achieved so far in the establishment of the UNIDO-BRICS Technology Platform.

We commend our Customs administrations on the establishment of the Customs Cooperation Committee of BRICS,and on exploring means of further enhancing collaboration in the future, including those aimed at creating legal basis for customs cooperation and facilitating procedures of customs control. We note the signing of the Regulations on Customs Cooperation Committee of the BRICS in line with the undertaking in the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership to strengthen interaction among Customs Administrations.

We recall the Fortaleza Declaration wherein we recognised the potential for BRICS insurance and reinsurance markets to pool capacities and had directed our relevant authorities to explore avenues for cooperation in this regard. We would like this work to be expedited.

We reaffirm our commitment towards a globally fair and modern tax systemand welcome the progress made on effective and widespread implementation of the internationally agreed standards. We support the implementation of the Base Erosion andProfit Shifting Project (BEPS) with due regard to the national realities of the countries.We encourage countries and International Organisations to assist developing economies in building their tax capacity.

We note that aggressive tax planning and tax practices hurt equitable development and economic growth. Base Erosion and Profit Shiftingmust be effectively tackled. We affirm that profit should be taxed in the jurisdiction where the economic activity is performedand the value is created. We reaffirm our commitment to support international cooperation in this regard, including in the Common Reporting Standard for Automatic Exchange of Tax Information (AEOI).

We note the ongoing discussions on international taxation matters. In this regard, we recall the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development including its emphasis on inclusive cooperation and dialogue among national tax authorities on international tax matters with increased participation of developing countries and reflecting adequate, equitable, geographical distribution, representing different tax systems.

We support the strengthening of international cooperation against corruption, including through the BRICS Anti-Corruption Working Group, as well as on matters related to asset recovery and persons sought for corruption. We acknowledge that corruption includingillicit money and financial flows, and ill-gotten wealth stashed in foreign jurisdictions is a global challenge which mayimpact negatively on economic growth and sustainable development. We will strive to coordinate our approach in this regard and encourage a stronger global commitment to prevent and combat corruptionon the basis of the United Nations Convention against Corruption and other relevant international legal instruments.
We recognise that nuclear energy will play a significant role for some of the BRICS countries in meeting their 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement commitments and for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions in the long term. In this regard, we underline the importance of predictability in accessing technology and finance for expansion of civil nuclear energy capacity which would contribute to the sustainable development of BRICS countries.

We reiterate that outer space shall be free for peaceful exploration and use by all States on the basis of equality in accordance with international law.Reaffirming that outer space shall remain free from any kind of weapons or any use of force, we stress that negotiations for the conclusion of an international agreement or agreements to prevent an arms race in outer space are a priority task of the United Nations Conference on Disarmament, and support the efforts to start substantive work, inter alia, based on the updated draft treaty on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space and of the threat or use of force against outer space objects submitted by China and Russian Federation.We also note an international initiative for a political obligation onthe no first placement of weapons in outer space.
Priority should be accorded to ensuring the long-term sustainability of outer space activities, as well as ways and means of preserving outer space for future generations. We note that this is an important objective on the current agenda of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS). In this respect, we welcome the recentdecision by the UNCOPUOS Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee Working Group on Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities to conclude negotiations and achieve consensus on the full set of guidelines for the long term sustainability of outer space activities by 2018to coincide with the commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the first United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNISPACE + 50).

We strongly condemn the recent several attacks, against some BRICS countries, including that in India.We strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and stressed that there can be no justification whatsoever for any acts of terrorism, whether based upon ideological, religious, political, racial, ethnic or any other reasons. We agreed to strengthen cooperation in combating international terrorism both at the bilateral level and at international fora.

To address the threat of chemical and biological terrorism, we support and emphasise the need for launching multilateral negotiations on an international convention for the suppression of acts of chemical and biological terrorism, including at the Conference on Disarmament.In this context, we welcome India’s offer to host a Conference in 2018 aimed at strengthening international resolve in facing the challenge of the WMD-Terrorism nexus.

We call upon all nations to adopt a comprehensive approach in combating terrorism, which should include countering violent extremism as and when conducive to terrorism, radicalisation, recruitment, movement of terrorists including Foreign Terrorist Fighters, blocking sources of financing terrorism, including through organised crime by means of money-laundering, drug trafficking, criminal activities, dismantling terrorist bases, and countering misuse of the Internet including social media by terror entities through misuse of the latest Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).Successfully combating terrorism requires a holistic approach. All counter-terrorism measures should uphold international law and respect human rights.

We acknowledge the recent meeting of the BRICS High Representatives on National Securityand, in this context, welcome the setting up and the first meeting of the BRICS Joint Working Group on Counter-Terrorism on 14September 2016 in New Delhi. We believe it will further promote dialogue and understanding among BRICS nations on issues of counter terrorism, as well ascoordinate efforts to address the scourge of terrorism.

We acknowledge that international terrorism, especially the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as Daesh) and affiliated terrorist groups and individuals, constitute a global and unprecedented threat to international peace and security. Stressing UN’s central role in coordinating multilateral approaches against terrorism, we urge all nations to undertake effective implementation of relevant UN Security Council Resolutions, and reaffirm our commitment on increasing the effectiveness of the UN counter terrorism framework.We call upon all nations to work together to expedite the adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) in the UN General Assembly without any further delay. We recall the responsibility of all States to prevent terrorist actions from their territories.
We reaffirm our commitment to the FATF International Standards on Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism and Proliferation and call for swift, effective and universal implementation of FATF Consolidated Strategy on Combating Terrorist Financing, including effective implementation of its operational plan. We seek to intensify our cooperation in FATF and FATF-style regional bodies (FSRBs).

We welcome the outcome document of the Special session of the General Assembly on the world drug problem, held in New York from 19-21 April 2016. We call for strengthening of international and regional cooperation and coordination to counter the global threat caused by the illicit production and trafficking of drugs, especiallyopiates. We note with deep concern the increasing links between drug trafficking and terrorism, money laundering and organised crime. We commend the cooperation between BRICS drug control agencies and welcome the deliberations in second Anti-Drug Working Group Meeting held in New Delhi on 8 July 2016.
We reaffirm that ICT expansion is a key enabler for sustainable development, for international peace and security and for human rights. We agree to strengthen joint efforts to enhance security in the use of ICTs, combating the use of ICTs for criminal and terrorist purposes and improving cooperation between our technical, law enforcement, R&D and innovation in the field of ICTs and capacity building institutions. We affirm our commitment to bridging digital and technological divides, in particular between developed and developing countries. We recognise that our approach must be multidimensional and inclusive and contains an evolving understanding of what constitutes access, emphasising the quality of that access.

We reiterate that the use and development of ICTs through international and regional cooperation and on the basis of universally accepted norms and principles of international law, including the Charter of the UN; in particular political independence, territorial integrity and sovereign equality of States, the settlement of disputes by peaceful means, non-interference in internal affairs of other States as well as respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to privacy; are of paramount importance in order to ensure a peaceful, secure and openand cooperative use of ICTs.

The increasing misuse of ICTs for terrorist purposes poses a threat to international peace and security. We emphasise the need to enhance international cooperation against terrorist and criminal misuse of ICTs and reaffirm the general approach laid in the eThekwini, Fortaleza and Ufa declarations in this regard. We reaffirm the key role of the UN in addressing the issues related to the security in the use of ICTs. We will continue to work together for the adoption of the rules, norms and principles of responsible behaviour of Statesincludingthrough the process of UNGGE. We recognise that the states have the leading role to ensure stability and security in the use of ICTs.

We advocate also for an open, non-fragmented and secure Internet, and reaffirm that the Internet is a global resource and that States should participate on an equal footing in its evolution and functioning,taking into account the need to involve relevant stakeholders in their respective roles and responsibilities.

We recognise the importance of energy-saving and energy-efficiency for ensuring sustainable economic development and welcome the Memorandum of Understanding which was signed in this regard.

We recognise the challenge of scaling-up power generation and its efficient distribution, as well as the need to scale up low carbon fuels and other clean energy solutions. We further recognise the level of investments needed in renewable energy in this regard. We therefore believe that international cooperation in this field be focused on access to clean energy technology and finance. We further note the significance of clean energy in achieving Sustainable Development Goals. We recognise that sustainable development, energy access, and energy security are critical to the shared prosperity and future of the planet. We acknowledge that clean and renewable energy needs to be affordable to all.

We support a wider use of natural gas as an economically efficient and clean fuel to promote sustainable development as well as to reduce the greenhouse emissions in accordance with the Paris Agreement on climate change.

We note that BRICS countries face challenges of communicable diseases including HIV and Tuberculosis. We, in this regard, note the efforts made by BRICS Health Ministers to achieve the 90–90–90 HIV treatment target by 2020. We underline the imperative to advance cooperation and action on HIV and TB in the BRICS countries, including in the production of quality-assured drugs and diagnostics.

We take note of United Nations High Level Meeting on Ending AIDS in June 2016 and forthcoming Global Conference on TB under WHO auspices in Moscow in 2017.

Recognising global health challenges we emphasise the importance of cooperation among BRICS countries in promoting research and development of medicines and diagnostic tools to end epidemics and to facilitate access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines.
We welcome the High Level meeting on Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR) during UNGA-71, which addresses the serious threat that AMR poses to public health, growth and global economic stability. We will seek to identify possibilities for cooperation among our health and/or regulatory authorities, with a view to share best practices and discuss challenges, as well as identifying potential areas for convergence.
We reaffirm our commitment to promote a long-term and balanced demographic development and continue cooperation on population related matters in accordance with the Agenda for BRICS Cooperation on Population Matters for 2015-2020.

We welcome the outcomes of the meetings of BRICS Labour & Employment Ministers held on 9 June 2016 in Geneva and on 27-28 September 2016 in New Delhi. We take note of the possibility of bilateral Social Security Agreements between BRICS countries, and of the commitment to take steps to establish a network of lead labour research and training institutes, so as to encourage capacity building, information exchange and sharing of best practices amongst BRICS countries. We recognise quality employment, including a Decent Work Agenda, sustaining social protection and enhancing rights at work, are core to inclusive and sustainable development.

We welcome the outcomes of the fourth BRICS Education Ministers’ meeting held on 30 September 2016 in New Delhi, including the New Delhi Declaration on Education. We stress the importance of education and skills for economic development, and reaffirm the need for universal access to high-quality education. We are satisfied with the progress of the BRICS Network University (BRICSNU) as well as the BRICS University League (BRICSUL), which will commence their programmes in 2017. These two initiatives will facilitate higher education collaboration and partnerships across the BRICS countries.

We appreciate the organisation of Young Diplomats’ Forum held on 3-6 September 2016 in Kolkata. We also welcome the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between BRICS Diplomatic Academies to encourage exchange of knowledge and experiences.
We welcome the outcomes of the fourth BRICS STI Ministerial Meeting held on 8 October 2016, wherein they adopted theJaipur Declaration and endorsed the updated Work Plan (2015-2018) aimed at strengthening cooperation in science, technology and innovation, especially leveraging young scientific talent for addressing societal challenges; creating a networking platform for BRICS young scientists; co-generating new knowledge and innovative products, services and processes; and addressing common global and regional socio-economic challenges utilising shared experiences and complementarities.

We stress the importance of implementation of the BRICS Research and Innovation Initiative. We welcome the hosting of the first BRICS Young Scientists Conclave in India, instituting of BRICS Innovative Idea Prize for Young Scientists.We note the progress of the first Call for Proposals under the BRICS STI Framework Programme, in ten thematic areas, with funding commitment from the five BRICS STI Ministries and associated funding bodies. We welcome the establishment of the BRICS Working Group on Research Infrastructure, and Mega-Science to reinforce the BRICS Global Research Advanced Infrastructure Network (BRICS-GRAIN).

We welcome the outcomes of the Agriculture Ministers’ Meeting, held on 23 September 2016, including the Joint Declaration. We emphasise the importance of ensuring food security, and addressingmalnutrition, eliminating hunger,inequality and poverty through increased agricultural production, productivity, sustainable management of natural resources and trade in agriculture among the BRICS countries. As the world’s leading producers of agriculture products and home to large populations, we emphasise the importance of BRICS cooperation in agriculture.We recognize the importance of science-based agriculture and of deploying information and communication technology (ICT).

To further intensify cooperation among BRICScountries in agricultural research policy, science and technology, innovation and capacity building, including technologies for small-holder farming in the BRICS countries, we welcome the signing of the MoU for Establishment of the BRICS Agricultural Research Platform.

Considering the dependence of agriculture on water, we call upon the development of infrastructure for irrigation to assist farmers in building resilience during times of drought and welcome sharing of experiences and expertise in these areas.
We affirm that the value of sharing expertise and experiences among BRICS countries with regard to usage of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in e-governance, financial inclusion, and targeted delivery of benefits, e-commerce, open government, digital content and services and bridging the digital divide. We support efforts aimed at capacity building for effective participation in e-commerce trade to ensure shared benefits.

We welcome the forthcoming BRICS Telecommunication Ministerial Meeting that will further strengthen our cooperation, including on technology trends, standards developments, skill developments, and policy frameworks.

We believe it is necessary to ensure joint efforts towards diversification of the world market of software and IT equipment. We call for developing and strengthening the ICT cooperation in the framework of the BRICS Working Group on ICT Cooperation.

We welcome the outcomes of the meetings of BRICS Ministers responsible for Disaster Management held on 19-20 April 2016 in St. Petersburg and on 22 August 2016 in Udaipur. We also welcome the Udaipur Declaration adopted at the second meeting and applaud the formation of BRICS Joint Task Force on Disaster Risk Management.

We extend our deepest condolences to the people of Haiti and the Caribbean on the tragic loss of lives following hurricane Matthew. We support the efforts of the UN and humanitarian partners in their response to this tragedy.

We welcome the outcomes of the BRICS Ministerial Meeting on Environment held on 15-16 September 2016, in Goa, including the Goa Statement on Environment. We welcome the decision to share technical expertise in the areas of abatement and control of air and water pollution, efficient management of waste and sustainable management of bio-diversity. We recognise the importance of participation by BRICS countries in environmental cooperation initiatives, including developing a platform for sharing environmentally sound technologies.

We welcome the outcome of the 17th Conference of Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), held in Johannesburg, South Africa, as a landmark advancement of the regulation of international trade in endangered species from 24 September – 4 October 2016.

We welcome the adoption of the Paris Agreement anchored in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and its signing by a large number of countries on 22 April 2016. We emphasise that the comprehensive, balanced and ambitious nature of the Paris Agreement reaffirms the principles of UNFCCC includingthe principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in light of different national circumstances (CBDR & RC).

We welcome the Paris Agreement and its imminent entry into force on 4 November 2016.We call on the developed countries to fulfil their responsibility towards providing the necessary financial resources, technology and capacity building assistance to support the developing countries with respect to both mitigation and adaptation for the implementation of the Paris Agreement.

We reiterate the commitments to gender equality and empowerment of all women and girls as contained in the 2030 Agenda. We recognise that women play a vital roleas agents of developmentand acknowledge that their equal and inclusive participation and contribution is crucial to making progress across all Sustainable Development Goals and targets. We emphasise the importance of enhancing accountability for the implementation of these commitments.

Cognizant of the potential and diversity of youth population in our countries, their needs and aspirations, we welcome the outcomes of the BRICS Youth Summit in Guwahati including, “Guwahati BRICS Youth Summit 2016 Call to Action” that recognise the importance of education, employment, entrepreneurship, and skills training for them to be socially and economically empowered.

We welcome the BRICS Convention on Tourism, that was organised in Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh on 1-2 September 2016 as an effective means to promote tourism cooperation among BRICS countries.

As home to 43% of the world population and among the fastest urbanising societies, we recognise the multi-dimensional challenges and opportunities of urbanisation. We affirm our engagement in the process that will lead to adoption of a New Urban Agenda by the Conference of the United Nations on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development – Habitat III(Quito, 17-20 October, 2016).We welcome the BRICS Urbanisation Forum, BRICS Friendship Cities Conclave, held in Visakhapatnam on 14-16 September 2016, and in Mumbai on 14-16 April 2016, respectively, which contributed to fostering increased engagements between our cities and stakeholders. We call for enhanced cooperation with regard to strengthening urban governance, making our cities safe and inclusive, improving urban transport, financing of urban infrastructure and building sustainable cities.

We note India’s initiative on the upcoming BRICS Local Bodies Conference to exchange expertise and best-practices, including in local budgeting.

Noting the importance of orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, we welcome the outcomes of first BRICS Migration Ministers Meeting in Sochi, Russian Federation, on 8 October 2015.

We recognise the important role of culture in sustainable development and in fostering mutual understanding and closer cooperation among our peoples. We encourage expansion of cultural exchanges between people of BRICS countries. In this context we commend the hosting of the first BRICS Film Festival in New Delhi on 2-6 September 2016.

We welcome the forthcoming meeting of the Second BRICS Parliamentary Forum in Geneva on 23 October 2016under the theme of ‘BRICS Parliamentary Cooperation on the implementation of the SDGs’.

We appreciate the deliberations of the BRICS Women Parliamentarians’ Forum in Jaipur on 20-21 August, 2016 and the adoption of Jaipur Declaration, centred on SDGs, that inter alia emphasises the commitment to strengthen parliamentary strategic partnerships on all the three dimensions of sustainable development,fostering gender equality and women empowerment.

We note the deliberations on a BRICS Railways Research Network aimed at promoting research and development in this field to further growth in our economies in a cost effective and sustainable manner.

We congratulate India on organising the first BRICS Under-17 Football Tournament in Goa on 5-15 October 2016. We,in this regard, note the initiative towards a BRICS Sports Council to foster exchanges among BRICS countries.

Recognising the increasing trade, business and investment between BRICS countries and the important role of BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism, we welcome the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between the BRICS countries National Development Banks and the New Development Bank (NDB). We welcome the initiative of the Export-Import Bank of India of instituting Annual BRICS Economic Research Award to promote advanced research in economics of relevance to BRICS countries.

We reiterate our commitment to strengthening our partnerships for common development. To this end, we endorse the Goa Action Plan.
China, South Africa, Brazil and Russia appreciate India’s BRICS Chairpersonship and the good pace of BRICS cooperation agenda.
We emphasise the importance of review and follow up of implementation of outcome documents and decisions of the BRICS Summits. We task our Sherpas to carry this process forward.

China, South Africa, Brazil and Russia express their sincere gratitude to the Government and people of India for hosting the Eighth BRICS Summit in Goa.

India, South Africa, Brazil and Russia convey their appreciation to China for its offer to host the Ninth BRICS Summit in 2017 and extend full support to that end.

Brics summit Day 2: PM Modi refers to Pakistan, calls it ‘mothership of terrorism’

Benaulim: In a clear reference to Pakistan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday said the “mothership of terrorism” was in India’s neighbourhood and linked to terror modules across the world.

Modi’s speech at the restricted Brics leaders’ meet, parts of which were tweeted by External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Vikas Swarup, also said that the neighbouring country sheltered not just terrorists but also “nurtures a mindset” which backs terrorism for political gains.

PM Modi. Courtesy: PIBPM Modi. Courtesy: PIB

PM Modi. Courtesy: PIB

“In our own region, terrorism poses a grave threat to peace, security and development. Tragically, the mothership of terrorism is a country in India’s neighbourhood. Terror modules around the world are linked to this mothership,” Modi said at the meeting attended by Presidents Vladimir Putin of Russia, Xi Jinping of China, Jacob Zuma of South Africa and Michel Temer of Brazil.

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar also attended the restricted meeting.

“This country shelters not just terrorists. It nurtures a mindset. A mindset that loudly proclaims that terrorism is justified for political gains. It is a mindset that we strongly condemn,” Modi said, exhorting Brics states to “stand and act together” and speak in one voice against the threat.

Modi also said that the growing arc of terrorism today threatened the Middle East, West Asia, Europe and South Asia and that terrorism’s “violent footprints put at risk the security of our citizens and undercuts our efforts aimed at economic growth”.

Modi called on Brics countries to work together for early adoption of a Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism and step up practical cooperation against terrorism.

The Prime Minister also spoke of critical challenges that confront the world and underlined the need for a clear roadmap to revive the global economy.

“Our increasing inter-dependence means that our march towards economic prosperity cannot be separated from the emerging geo-political context. BRICS, therefore, must play an active role in setting a direction that supports our common aspirations and goals.

“I firmly believe that the simultaneous development of Brazil, Russia, China, South Africa and India is the best bet for global growth and development,” Modi said.

Modi said the “unhindered flow of skilled talent, ideas, technology, and capital across borders was imperative to kickstart the growth process”.

With inputs from IANS

BRICS development bank to lend $2.5 billion next year | Reuters

BRICS development bank to lend $2.5 billion next year | Reuters

Updated: Oct 16, 2016 06:27 IST

‘);
FB.XFBML.parse();
*/
});

By Douglas Busvine
| GOA, India

GOA, India The development bank set up by the BRICS group of emerging economies will ramp up lending to $2.5 billion next year after making its first loans to back green projects, its president KV Kamath told Reuters.The BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – agreed to create the New Development Bank (NDB) in July 2014 with initial authorized capital of $100 billion. The lender was officially launched a year later.”The second year is scaling up, concentrating on people, getting all the skillsets in,” said Kamath, a veteran Indian banker appointed as the first head of the Shanghai-based NDB.He was speaking on the fringes of a weekend BRICS summit hosted in the Indian resort of Goa by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The gathering seeks to add substance to the group that grew out of an acronym devised by Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill back in 2003 that projected a long-term boom and global power shift in their favor.

With Russia, Brazil and South Africa on the economic skids and China slowing, the initial euphoria has faded, yet Kamath said the BRICS had much to gain by deepening their cooperation.”The fact is that these countries, collectively, have for the last few years contributed to more than 50 percent of incremental economic wealth that has been generated globally,” said Kamath. “I don’t see that changing.”The NDB, headquartered in Shanghai, will expand its staff to 300 over the next three years but run a tight operation that seeks to take quick decisions and transfer experience across all five BRICS member states.

It has already approved loans totaling $900 million to green projects in each member state. It has also started a renminbi-denominated borrowing program, issuing a 3 billion yuan ($450 million) bond.Kamath, 68, said there was plenty of room for new lenders like the NDB and the Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), in addition to established institutions like the World Bank.

“Infrastructure alone has needs globally of $1-1.5 trillion a year – all the multilateral banks put together can do maybe 15 percent of this,” said Kamath, who ran India’s ICICI Bank Ltd (ICBK.NS) from 1996 until 2009.”The phrase I would like to use is cooperate and work together, rather than compete. I don’t see competition as a key challenge in this context.” (Reporting by Douglas Busvine)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

BRICS 2016: India, South Africs decide to strengthen cooperation in UNSC

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) on Saturday said on the sidelines of the BRICS Summit in Goa, Prime Minister Narendra Modi thanked South African President Jacob Zuma for the statement he had issued after the terrorist attack in Uri, and greatly appreciated the solidarity that South African had shown on this very important subject.”He (PM Modi) said terrorism is a global phenomenon and it needs global action. In this context, he called for strengthening cooperation between India and South Africa in the United Nation Security Council (UNSC) forum in dealing with terrorism which is the 1267 committee,” MEA spokesperson Vikas Swarup Swarup said.Briefing the media on the bilateral meeting between the two leaders, Swarup said, “He (PM Modi) also called for working on the early adoption of the comprehension conviction on international terrorism, which was proposed by India way back in 1996.”He said Prime Minister Modi commended South Africa for the tremendous contribution it has made to the BRICS grouping, adding that President Zuma called for expanding areas of cooperation between the two countries and simplification of the visa regime. “President Zuma said India and South Africa have had a long relationship. The need now is to grow and deepen it even further. President Zuma said on the bilateral side we needed to expend our corporation in areas which has renewable energy, higher education and he also called for simplification of the visa regime between the two countries,” he added.PM Modi also thanked President Zuma on South Africa’s support to India on the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group and hoped that it would continue its support. Swarup further said there were discussion on trade and ties between the two countries, and both the countries acknowledged that the current volume of trade and investment were low and much more could be done to increase it.”Both leaders also acknowledge the relevance of IBSA (India, Brazil South Africa grouping), which are three major democracy and three major continents, saying they must have more frequent meetings,” he added.”President Zuma alluded two important milestones which were coming up: first was the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Red Ford declaration; and, the second was South Africa-India joint Ministerial Commission, which is schedule to take place in New Delhi in 2017,” said Swarup.

Brics meet in Goa: Can India call Pakistan’s bluff on terrorism and win over world opinion?

Ever since Jim O’Neill, former chairman of Goldman Sachs asset management, coined the term Bric for four powerful economies — Brazil, Russia, India and China — in their 2001 paper, The World Needs Better Economic BRICs, the regional grouping has caught the world’s attention. With South Africa joining the club in 2010, BRICS commanded an even bigger influence. It soon evolved into a group with a significant say over the political-economic affairs of the world. Take a look at what Brics means to the world today.

(from left) Michel Temer, Narendra Modi, Xi Jinping, Vladimir Putin and Jacob Zuma ahead of the 8th Brics Summit. Twitter @BRICS2016(from left) Michel Temer, Narendra Modi, Xi Jinping, Vladimir Putin and Jacob Zuma ahead of the 8th Brics Summit. Twitter @BRICS2016

(from left) Michel Temer, Narendra Modi, Xi Jinping, Vladimir Putin and Jacob Zuma ahead of the 8th Brics Summit. Twitter @BRICS2016

According to certain estimates, Brics constitutes nearly half of the world population, one-third of the world’s GDP and close to one-fifth of the world’s trade. The grouping has three heavyweights — China, Russia and India, that practically controls the region, both politically and economically and is seen as an Eastern power centre. The point of highlighting these statistic is to say how critical is the summit slated to be held in Goa on 15, 16 October to the region and the Western world.

In the recent past, Brics has gradually begun to set the stage for a new world economic order.

The formation of the New Development Bank (NDB), also known as BRICS development bank is a big example. Set up in 2014, the NDB sent a signal to the world that the region wants an institution that can eventually offer an alternative to existing multilateral agencies such as International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and Asian Development Bank (ADB) and that the new body will be more sensitive to the needs of region.

Going by the initial contours, the NDB will have a corpus of $50 billion divided equally between its five founding members, with an initial total of $10 billion in cash put over seven years and $40 billion in guarantees. Another $50 billion is expected to come from other members who join in later. Besides, there will be a currency chest of $100 billion to help member countries meet their emergency cash requirements. China will contribute the largest share of $41 billion to the reserve. Russia, India and Brazil will contribute $18 billion each, while South Africa will contribute $5 billion. One Indian—K V Kamath, former chairman ICICI Bank—is the first chief of BRICS bank. The Goa meet will be looked closely to know how the grouping wants to grow the BRICS development bank from here.

Second, according to reports, the Brics countries are now considering forming a new global credit rating agency for emerging markets to challenge the dominance of western credit rating agencies like Moody’s, Standard and Poor’s and Fitch, whose observations and rating decisions have often come under heavy criticism by some of the developing markets including India. For instance, India has, in the past, challenged the methodology followed by rating agency Moody’s saying the agency has ignored the reforms initiated by the government and it should not wait “till infinity” for them to take root before upgrading the country’s sovereign rating. Presently, there are no alternatives for the eastern world to challenge the dominance of the ‘big three’ of the West. Here again, the Brics meet this weekend will be watched for clues.

Besides the economic factors, the Brics meet this time assumes even more significance in the context of the growing threat of terrorism originating from Pakistan and its impact on rest of the world. India, which managed to completely isolate Pakistan from the Saarc countries in the aftermath of a series of border terrorist attacks by Pakistan-based elements (the latest being Uri), will most likely take up the issue of the Pakistan factor in the Brics meeting. India has already raised concerns on Russia’s suspicious bonhomie with Pakistan, though Russia has openly expressed its willingness to support India’s fight against terrorism.

Similarly, China’s growing influence in Pakistan and China’s economic aid to that country is a matter of concern for India. As Firstpost has noted before, Pakistan economy’s dependence on China to improve its fortunes is so high that a recent World Bank report warned that Pakistan’s prospects of growing even at at modest five percent a year are at risk due to delays in the implementation of the $46-billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects. India is looking at this progress closely, given that it sees potential threats from China. There is a possibility that India will raise its concerns to Brics partners about the danger of extending economic and military aid to Pakistan. Whether India manages to convince the Brics partners about its stance on Pakistan and the need to isolate the country in the larger interest of the region, needs to be seen.

In this backdrop, the Goa meet of Brics isn’t just another event for the world, the region and India, in particular. The meet has crucial, unprecedented significance. Beyond the regional issues, the Goa meet will be watched by the world to gauge how the regional group is silently building a new world order brick by brick that the West can’t ignore any longer.

Data contributed by Kishor Kadam

India and Russia to sign air defence deal

Russia and India are expected to sign a deal on Saturday for the delivery of an advanced air defence system to Delhi, a Kremlin official has said.

Brics summit in Goa: Forget Hindi-Chini bhai-bhai and get tough with China

Dealing with Pakistan’s export of terror is difficult enough for India. Add to this tragedy a third player, China, which not only backs Pakistan but even plays nasty economic games against India, and then it’s quite a tough job to handle.

That’s what Prime Minister Narendra Modi must remember as he hosts the summit of the five-nation Brics and a retreat for the leaders of the seven-nation Bimstec this weekend in Goa. Pakistan is part of neither Brics nor Bimstec but will be at the back of Modi’s mind when he talks to President Xi Jinping of China in Goa.

India must reconcile to the fact that, in foreseeable future, both Pakistan and China will continue to be its adversaries. Having already made enough gullible attempts to turn both those countries into friends, India must now begin to find ways to “manage” its relations with the rogue country on the west and its ally on the east in a manner that would be to its best advantage.

India’s recipe to fight China must have more of economics than diplomacy. Then as a spin-off, India can hope for a more sober Pakistan, though there is no guarantee of that since nobody knows who is — and who will be, in future — in charge of Pakistan’s affairs.

What makes the cash route a better bet to fight China is the slow-down in China’s economy. The dragon is breathing less economic fire now, and though it’s not ready to have its wings clipped, it’s more vulnerable than ever before.

Representational image. ReutersRepresentational image. Reuters

Representational image. Reuters

But it would take only a fool or a jingoist to believe that India is better off than China. Though India’s economy is showing impressive signs of improvement, Chinese economy, even with its present mess, is still many times larger than India’s, and the Chinese military much stronger.

It’s also preposterous to even suggest that India must curb trade ties with China, in retaliation for the latter’s brazen backing for Pakistan. Economically, India needs China as much as China does India.

Western economists differ on whether China’s economic troubles are subsiding, and their assessments are not proving to be reliable. Yet the stories that continue to come out of China of job losses, unemployment and salary cuts are good news for India.

That’s what India must leverage to perk up its own economy and to bring down its own unemployment and poverty levels, say some well-meaning experts.

Like India has replied to Pakistan’s terror in its own langue with surgical strikes, India must deal with China by employing the same methodology of chicanery that the eastern neighbour has made itself notorious for: by dropping a subtle hint here and there, and by making it clear that India will do business with China on its own terms.

Brics is a good place to start, and China is already getting the right message not only from India but other countries of the bloc as well. Media reports suggest that India, along with other Brics members, are showing no interest in a “Brics Free Trade Agreement” that China wants to peddle to them at this week’s summit. This proposal is designed in a way to further China’s own interests, not anybody else’s.

Paying for its past follies, China is indeed a desperate nation today.

AFP reported on 10 October that China’s foreign exchange reserves, the largest in the world, have fallen to a five-year-low to less than US $3.18 trillion this week. But India’s reserves — $371.2 billion this week, though a fraction of China’s—are showing an upward trend.

But that’s not the point. What matters more is what the world thinks of the Chinese and what India should do to rein the Communist nation that has no respect for international rule of law, human rights, treaties or the global fight against terrorism, and for whom transparency is a dirty word.

But even China—where most things are shrouded in a sinister secrecy and where the very composition of its foreign reserves itself is a state secret—can occasionally be candid. That, again, perhaps is part of the Chinese passion to surprise the enemy.

On 5 October, a Xinhua report quoted a Chinese official as having made an oblique confession that the world at large thinks of the Chinese as fraudsters who are unreliable to do business with.

The official said China’s trade remained under heavy downward pressure, partly due to “increasing trade frictions” with nations around the world

In the last eight months, he admitted, 20 countries including the US launched 85 “trade remedy probes” against Chinese deals worth US $ 10.3 billion, almost double the amount for the same period last year. These relate to patent or trademark infringement, misappropriation of trade secrets, false advertising and violation of antitrust laws.

A recent Reuters report said: “China’s offshore ambitions have come under increasing scrutiny this year by governments in Europe and the United States.”

The Chinese are learning, though slowly, that their policies could one day lead to their isolation in the world. Already, China finds itself to be somewhat of a pariah within Brics, though not to the same extent as Pakistan is in Saarc — yet.

Among Brics members, India suffers from a trade deficit of $ 52.7 billion with China. This means China’s exports to India far outstrip its imports from India. Russia has its own $-12-billion trade deficit with China. Though Brazil and South Africa enjoy trade surpluses with China, all four countries are suspicious of any move that China makes that they think can even remotely affect the balance unfairly.

Pakistan may be a vassal state of China, but Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa are not. They would be ready to call China’s economic bluff, though the four countries together don’t present a pretty picture of unity themselves.

There are some who argue that India must do more business with China to offset the security threat from Pakistan. One of them is, Niti Aayog’s Vice-Chairman Arvind Panagariya, who told India Today: “… our economic engagement with China can trump the security engagement of China with Pakistan.”

But those like Subhash Kapila, former Indian diplomat in Japan and the US, don’t agree. Kapila argues in this article: “The China-Pakistan Axis with strategic underpinnings pointedly aimed at India is also an established strategic reality. India vainly keeps hoping that economics would ultimately prevail and modulate China’s patent targeting of India’s strategic rise in Indo Pacific Asia.”

The way to grapple with the China problem lies in both politics and economics in right proportions. While using its own significant economic clout, India must raise its voice against China’s hypocritical and hegemonistc advances in the region.

It is clear that, whatever Modi does or says in Goa this week, a meek surrender to the Chinese blackmail is not an option. The days of Jawaharlal Nehru’s gullible Hindi-Chini bhai bhai are long gone. Having called Pakistan’s bluff, India must now call China’s.

The author tweets @sprasadindia

Manohar Parrikar, Rajnath Singh meet to discuss Kashmir, and security for BRICS Summit

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on Friday met Home Minister Rajnath Singh and discussed with him various issues, including situation in Jammu and Kashmir and security for BRICS Summit to be held in Goa next month. During the half-an-hour long meeting, the two senior ministers discussed the prevailing situation in Kashmir Valley as well as steps taken to check infiltration from across the border, official sources said. The reports of suspicious movement of some unidentified persons along the Maharashtra coast, also figured in the meeting.Singh and Parrikar, who hails from Goa and is a former Chief Minister of the state, discussed the security preparation for the BRICS Summit to be held in Panaji on October 15-16, the sources said.Presidents of Brazil, Russia, China, South Africa, besides Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend the BRICS meeting. Normal life remained affected in the Valley for the 77th straight day due to restrictions and separatist sponsored strike.Curfew was imposed in parts of Srinagar in view of apprehensions of law and order problems after Friday prayers. Shops, business establishments and petrol pumps continued to remain shut in Srinagar and elsewhere in the Valley, while public transport was off the roads. Schools, colleges and other educational institutions also continued to remain shut.

Kiren Rijiju says BRICS nations should work together on Disaster Risk Reduction

New Delhi: Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju on Monday urged BRICS countries to come together for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), saying it will help in influencing the global agenda for strengthening efforts on the issue.

Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju. PIB

Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju. PIB

India is willing to stand shoulder to shoulder with other BRICS nations and explore all possible areas of collaboration in DRR, he said while inaugurating a two-day BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) meeting on disaster management in Udaipur, Rajasthan.

According to a press release issued here, the minister said that DRR is a “high priority area” for Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

“It is time that we move away from a static understanding of risk, and that we must realize that tomorrow’s risk is being built today,” he said, adding that there is a strong need to focus on urban disasters keeping in mind that a large number of people will be living in cities by 2050.

“We need to move towards an all-society approach to tackle disasters. While governments have to pay a central role, they cannot do it by themselves. They have to take everybody along. The government action must be geared towards empowering and supporting communities and individuals to be more and more self-reliant in their quest for resilience,” Rijiju added.

Dawood’s close aide Zahid Miyan under NIA’s radar, chargesheet filed

Mon, 22 Aug 2016-09:09pm , New Delhi , ANI
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has filed a chargesheet against underworld don Dawood Ibrahim’s close aide Zahid Miyan. This is the latest development from India’s side in the attempt to round up Dawood’s aides across the globe. Earlier, the NIA had approached the Interpol to trace Dawood’s aide Javed Patel alias Javed Chikna in Pakistan, arrest him and hand him over to India.According to reports, South Africa based Zahid Miyan was part of the team that masterminded the conspiracy to kill Hindu leaders and a list of BJP and RSS members was also prepared. NIA investigation had revealed earlier that a new terror outfit was being planned by D-company and the conspiracy was hatched in Karachi and South Africa.

PM Modi to visit four African nations from 7 to 11 July

New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi will embark on a five-day visit to Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Kenya beginning 7 July, with an aim to further deepen India’s engagement with the resource-rich African continent where China has been expanding its influence.

The prime minister’s visit comes within weeks after President Pranab Mukherjee and Vice-President Hamid Ansari travelled to Africa to strengthen and reinvigorate India’s ties.

“The visit will provide opportunities to build on close contacts at the highest political level and enhance mutual cooperation and understanding on major issues of common interests,” External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Vikas Swarup said.

India’s current trade with Africa is around $75 billion and it has granted a whopping $7.4 billion for various developmental and capacity building projects in the past four years. India has implemented nearly 140 projects in 41 African countries during the period.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi. AFPPrime Minister Narendra Modi. AFP

Prime Minister Narendra Modi. AFP

Modi’s first destination will be Mozambique where he will have bilateral discussions with President Nyusi on 7 July to expand existing cooperation.

In the second leg of his tour from 8 to 9 July, Modi will be in South Africa, where he will have meetings with President Jacob Zuma and other senior leaders across the political spectrum.

South Africa was among very few countries which was known to have some reservations over India’s bid for membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.

The prime minister is also expected to visit Johannesburg, Pietermaritzburg and Durban during the visit, Swarup said.

India’s ties with South Africa is considered crucial and both countries work closely in various multilateral fora like BRICS (Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa), tripartite grouping IBSA (India, Brazil, South Africa), G-20 and BASIC, a bloc of four large countries — Brazil, South Africa, India and China.

On 10 July, the prime minister will have meetings with Tanzanian President John Pombe Joseph Magufuli on a range of areas with an aim to further enhance mutual cooperation and understanding on major issues of common interest, said Swarup.

On the final leg of his trip, Modi will travel to Kenya where he will have bilateral discussions with President Kenyatta.

The prime minister will also address students in the University of Nairobi during the visit.

“The visit of the Prime Minister to the African mainland reflects India’s desire to further strengthen and reinvigorate bilateral ties with our African partners,” said Swarup.

India had organised a four-day-long summit here with African countries in October last year which was attended by representatives of 54 African nations, including heads of state and government of around 40 countries.

PM Modi to embark on Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya visit from July 7

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will embark on a five-day visit to Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Kenya beginning July 7, with an aim to further deepen India’s engagement with the resource-rich African continent where China has been expanding its influence.The Prime Minister’s visit comes within weeks after President Pranab Mukherjee and Vice President Hamid Ansari travelled to Africa to strengthen and reinvigorate India’s ties. “The visit will provide opportunities to build on close contacts at the highest political level and enhance mutual cooperation and understanding on major issues of common interests,” External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Vikas Swarup said.<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>India’s current trade with Africa is around US $75 billion and it has granted a whopping US $7.4 billion for various developmental and capacity building projects in the past four years. India has implemented nearly 140 projects in 41 African countries during the period.
ALSO READ After President Mukherjee, PM Modi likely to visit African countriesModi’s first destination will be Mozambique where he will have bilateral discussions with President Nyusi on July 7 to expand existing cooperation. In the second leg of his tour from July 8 to 9, Modi will be in South Africa where he will have meetings with President Jacob Zuma and other senior leaders across the political spectrum.The Prime Minister is also expected to visit Johannesburg, Pietermaritzburg and Durban during the visit, Swarup said. India’s ties with South Africa is considered crucial and both countries work closely in various multilateral fora like BRICS (Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa), tripartite grouping IBSA (India, Brazil, South Africa), G-20 and BASIC, a bloc of four large countries – Brazil, South Africa, India and China.
ALSO READ President Mukherjee wraps up three-nation tour to Africa, returns todayOn July 10, the Prime Minister will have meetings with Tanzanian President John Pombe Joseph Magufuli on a range of areas with an aim to further enhance mutual cooperation and understanding on major issues of common interest, said Swarup. On the final leg of his trip, Modi will travel to Kenya where he will have bilateral discussions with President Kenyatta.The Prime Minister will also address students in the University of Nairobi during the visit. “The visit of the Prime Minister to the African mainland reflects India’s desire to further strengthen and reinvigorate bilateral ties with our African partners,” said Swarup.
ALSO READ India keen to make Morocco its economic hub for Africa: Vice President AnsariIndia had organised a four-day-long summit here with African countries in October last year which was attended by representatives of 54 African nations, including heads of state and government of around 40 countries.

Tri-nation series: Australia, South Africa share points following wash out

Bridgetown, Barbados: Australia and South Africa took two points each after the seventh match of the limited-overs international tri-series was washed out Sunday after just nine minutes of play.

South Africa's Hashim Amla plays a shot. ReutersSouth Africa's Hashim Amla plays a shot. Reuters

South Africa’s Hashim Amla plays a shot. Reuters

South Africa, sent into bat under overcast skies, was 8-0 off one over when heavy rain arrived and forced a lengthy delay.

Even when rain abated, a damp spot running the length of the pitch caused concern for the umpires, who eventually announced the match was abandoned at 6.30 pm.

South Africa remains atop the standings with 12 points, one clear of Australia.

The wash out was good news for West Indies, which has eight points from four matches, and now needs only to win one of its remaining two matches to qualify for the final.

China says more talks needed to build consensus on nuclear export club | Reuters

BEIJING China said on Sunday that more talks were needed to build a consensus on which countries can join the main group controlling access to sensitive nuclear technology, after a push by the United States to include India.

China is seen as leading opposition to the U.S. move to include India in the 48-nation Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), but other countries, including New Zealand, Turkey, South Africa and Austria also oppose Indian membership, according to diplomats.

The NSG aims to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons by restricting the sale of items that can be used to make those arms.

India already enjoys most of the benefits of membership under a 2008 exemption to NSG rules granted to support its nuclear cooperation deal with Washington, even though India has developed atomic weapons and never signed the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the main global arms control pact.

“Large differences” remain over the issue of non-NPT countries joining the NSG, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said in an online statement.

“With regard to what to do on the issue of non-NPT signatories joining (the NSG), China consistently supports having ample discussion on this to seek consensus and agreement and come to a unanimous decision,” Hong said.

“The NPT is the political and legal basis for the entire international non-proliferation system,” Hong said, adding that China would support the group in further talks to come to a consensus at an early date.

Opponents argue that granting India membership would further undermine efforts to prevent proliferation. It would also infuriate India’s rival Pakistan, which responded to India’s membership bid with one of its own and has the backing of its close ally China.

Pakistan joining would be unacceptable to many, given its track record. The scientist that headed its nuclear weapons programme ran an illicit network for years that sold nuclear secrets to countries including North Korea and Iran.

A decision on Indian membership is not expected before an NSG plenary meeting in Seoul on June 20, but diplomats have said Washington has been pressuring hold-outs.

Most of the hold-outs oppose the idea of admitting a non-NPT state such as India and argue that if it is to be admitted, it should be under criteria that apply equally to all states rather than under a “tailor-made” solution for a U.S. ally.

(Reporting by Michael Martina; editing by Simon Cameron-Moore)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

Goa getting ready to host BRICS summit in October

Goa government is putting in place required infrastructure and making arrangements for the eighth annual summit of BRICS, a bloc of five emerging economies, to be held in the coastal state in October.Over 8,000 delegates from Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS) are expected to take part in the mega event to be held from October 15-16. India is hosting the summit in its capacity as chair of the influential bloc.<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>”BRICS summit will be held in Goa in October and we are building all the required infrastructure for it. Over 8,000 delegates from the five member-countries are expected to participate in it,” Chief Minister Laxmikant Parsekar said.He was speaking to mediapersons after presiding over a meeting with the secretaries and senior officers, held to take stock of preparations for the event.”This will be a high-profile international event with VVIPs attending it. Therefore, we need to be well prepared for providing them best facilities and comfort,” he said.”We want to create infrastructure that can be maintained and used even after the event is over. We still have three more months to go for the summit,” Parsekar said.BRICS member-countries account for 42% of the world population and have a combined GDP of over US $16 trillion.

BRICS New Development Bank to issue bonds in Chinese currency

Beijing: Shanghai-based New Development Bank (NDB) is set to issue its first yuan-denominated bonds, and is eyeing future funding for infrastructure projects.

The bank was founded in July 2014 by the BRICS countries of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa to finance sustainable development in the emerging markets and developing countries, the China Daily reported on Wednesday.

Its first five-year yuan-denominated bonds, also referred as green bonds, will be issued after receiving a rating from international ratings agencies as well as getting authorities’ approval, said Paolu Nogueira Batista, the bank’s vice-president for economic research, strategy and partnerships and chief risk officer.

New Development bank BRICSNew Development bank BRICS

BRICS leaders at the 6th BRICS summit where they signed the agreement to form New Development Bank. File Photo. Reuters

Batista outlined the bank’s plans on Monday at the closing ceremony of the Shanghai Forum, an annual meeting of officials, academics, business chiefs and world opinion leaders, that discusses issues such as business solutions and social governance.

Batista said that more bonds denominated in local currencies of the BRICS countries, including the rupee in India, will be issued if the bank’s board and local authorities endorse the project plans.

He said that as a result local investors will be more engaged in projects financing sustainable development because they will be exposed to less currency exchange volatility with bonds issued in local currencies.

The NDB announced its first batch of loans on 16 April, providing $300 million to Brazil, $81 million to China, $250 million to India and $180 million to South Africa.

So far, the projects the bank has been working on are all financing sustainable energy projects, such as solar power and hydropower, an initiative that is included in the bank’s articles of agreement.

Africans call of stir after assurance from Indian govt

The protest at Jantar Mantar on Tuesday called by the Association of African Students in India (AASI) to condemn the spate of attacks in the capital in the past fortnight has been called off after assurances from the Indian government.In a series of tweets, President Pranab Mukherjee condemned the attacks on African nationals and called upon close relationship shared and the history of the two nations. “Recent attacks on African students extremely painful,” tweeted Mukherjee, adding, “It would be most unfortunate if people of India were to dilute our long tradition of friendship with people of Africa.”<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>If the protest went through as per the plans, it could be potentially embarrassing for the Indian government. Sustained tweets from President Mukherjee gave a glimpse of the efforts made by authorities to diffuse the tense situation created. The president’s tweets included, “India’s relations with Africa should not be jeopardised in any way,” and “Appropriate awareness of India’s age old historical relations with Africa must be created in the minds of our youngsters.”Speaking to a private media channel, South African envoy Malose William Mogale stated, “It’s racist attacks. But it is not government policy. It is people who might want to tarnish the image of the country, India, to be portrayed to the world that it is the country where there is an emerging trend of racism and more foreigners are not allowed.”Tweeting more than 10 times, Mukherjee reminded the nation that Mahatma Gandhi was a famous “Non-Resident Indian who made his first experiments with Satyagraha in South Africa,” and invoked India’s support during the freedom struggles led by African leaders like Jomo Kenyatta, Julius Nyerere.Mukherjee reminded the nation that Mahatma Gandhi was a famous “Non-Resident Indian who made his first experiments with Satyagraha in South Africa,” and invoked India’s support during the freedom struggles led by African leaders like Jomo Kenyatta, Julius Nyerere.Over the weekend, the African delegation sent the Ministry of External affairs mixed signals despite repeated assurances from the External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj. Several sensitization programs have been conducted over the past week with residents of villages with a significant African population. Home Minister Rajnath Singh has also directed increased police patrolling and vigilance.

Congo student’s murder: Even Africa is not safe, says Minister Mahesh Sharma

Amid growing outrage over the killing of a Congolese national in Delhi, Union Minister Mahesh Sharma has said that even African countries are not safe.In an interview to IANS, Sharma said, that the incident was unfortunate and such incidents gave a bad name to India. However, even Africa is not safe, he said. He added that such incidents took place in other countries too and cited an example from his visit to South Africa to prove his point. <!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>”When I went to South Africa, I was stopped from going for a morning walk at 6 am by the hotel people citing security reasons. My post-dinner walk was also dropped for the same reasons. It’s not fair to say that India is unsafe,” said the minister.Sharma’s remarks come after the outrage over the killing of a 23-year-old Congolese national MK Olivier in south Delhi’s Vasant Kunj area.
ALSO READ Hyderabad: 23-year-old Nigerian student hit with iron rod after parking row, one arrestedMeanwhile, African countries have demanded concrete steps against ‘racism and Afro-phobia’ and sought deferment of the celebrations of Africa Day by India, which assured them of safety and security of their nationals.Dean of African Group Head of Missions and Ambassador of Eritrea Alem Tsehage Woldemariam said the envoys of 42 African countries met and deliberated extensively on recent attacks against its nationals.

Diamonds no longer forever as miners seek new marketing polish | Reuters

BRUSSELS The Diamond Producers’ Association, set up last year, to spur demand, will launch a slogan early in June to replace “diamonds are forever”, viewed as one of the most successful campaigns of all time but in need of updating, it said on Wednesday.

Diamond demand has stagnated, subdued by a weaker Chinese economy.

The DPA, which groups major producers such as De Beers and Rio Tinto, is looking especially to the U.S. market, which accounts for about 45 percent of diamond demand, to drive recovery.

“The millennial group is going to be bigger than the baby boomers,” Jean-Marc Lieberherr, chief executive officer of the DPA, told a London conference, but said the traditional marketing slogan was not sufficiently in tune with the rising generation.

He would not disclose the new slogan, but said it would be released at the JCk jewellery fair in Las Vegas in early June.

(Reporting by Barbara Lewis, editing by David Evans)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

India bank on spin to blunt West Indian weapons | Reuters

MUMBAI The second World Twenty20 semi-final is likely to hinge on who emerges on top in the battle between the big-hitting West Indian batsmen and India’s wily spinners when the former champions clash at the Wankhede Stadium on Thursday.

India, the world’s top-ranked side in the shortest format, arrived at the sixth edition of the tournament with 10 wins from 11 matches in 2016 and were considered overwhelming favourites by fans, opposing captains and bookmakers alike.

But while an opening Super 10 stage defeat to New Zealand, who reached the semi-finals unbeaten, was a wake-up call, the home side’s credentials came into question in a one-run win over Bangladesh, who lost three wickets in the last three balls.

Virat Kohli’s wide blade was then called on to see off a stiff challenge from 50-over world champions Australia in a winner-takes-all contest to reach the last four, his masterclass glossing over some major batting flaws for the 2007 champions.

Shikhar Dhawan and Rohit Sharma have failed to build a solid foundation for the hosts and their opening stands of five, 14, 42 and 23 have put pressure on the middle and lower order to provide a bulk of the scoring.

Left-hander Suresh Raina’s scores of one, zero, 30 and 10 have not been overly helpful either, and calls for the number four batsman’s omission from the team have only gained momentum.

Yuvraj Singh has been ruled out with an ankle injury he picked up in the win over Australia, opening the door for either Ajinkya Rahane to play at his home ground or the recalled Manish Pandey to stake a claim in the starting side.

“You can’t rely on one batsman, yes the others have contributed, but still at the same time, if we can do a bit more with the bat at the top of the order and the middle overs, I think we will feel the pressure slightly less,” India captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni said after the Australia triumph.

“Also, it will be good, because still we feel we are batting at 65 percent, barring Virat (Kohli).”

CAPTAIN COOL

Dhoni faces the prospect of lifting a third World Cup for India after leading them in 2007 and again for the 50-overs title in 2011, the wicketkeeper lauded for his exceptional calmness and savvy against Bangladesh as India stole victory.

A win on Thursday will take India to a third final in the World Twenty20 under Dhoni after they went down to South Asian rivals Sri Lanka in the last edition in Bangladesh.

The strong form of his spinners and accuracy of pacemen Ashish Nehra and Jasprit Bumrah in the death overs will give Dhoni hope of taming the West Indies batsmen on a surface that has done little to help the bowlers in three matches.

South Africa saw a 230-run target chased down by England, who were on the receiving end of Chris Gayle’s assault when they failed to defend a score of 182.

At the same ground, Afghanistan gave South Africa a scare while chasing 209 until they lost too many wickets in the second half of the innings on a surface offering little respite for the bowlers at a ground with relatively short boundaries.

Afghanistan also inflicted the only Super 10 defeat on West Indies with their spinners finding a way to restrict their powerful batsmen in Nagpur.

The 2012 champions rested Gayle for that game and a hamstring injury to Andre Fletcher, who has since been ruled out of the tournament and replaced by Lendl Simmons, hampered their chase further.

But the inability to chase down a modest 124 would have not gone unnoticed and skipper Darren Sammy is hoping it was just a one-off and not a sign of inconsistency.

“We have to leave this game in Nagpur,” Sammy said. “We’ll leave this game here and see it as the blip in the tournament.

“Now we have two knockouts to play. Two more steps.”

(Editing by John O’Brien)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

Sushma Swaraj says govt trying to secure release of Indian priest kidnapped in Yemen

On Saturday, Union Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj confirmed that Father Tom Unzhunnali was kidnapped in Yemen by a terrorists group and that the Indian government was making all efforts to secure his release.Tom Unzhunnalil was kidnapped from the Missionaries of Charity’s home for the elderly in Aden where he serves as a chaplain on March 4. It’s believed that ISIS had kidnapped him but<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>A spokesman for the Bangalore province of the Salesians was quoted saying that no group has taken any responsibility yet. A post on the group’s South Africa page has been taken down.Earlier, the Yemen authorities blamed ISIL for the attack on March 4. The External Affairs Ministry had said only one Indian nurse was killed in the terrorist attack in strife-torn Yemen’s Aden city. 16 people were killed in Aden when a group of terrorists stormed an elderly care home run by a Kolkata-based Missionaries of Charity and sprayed bullets at the residents. There are around 80 residents living at the home, which is run by Missionaries of Charity, an organisation established by Mother Teresa. Missionaries of Charity nuns also came under attack in Yemen in 1998 when gunmen killed three nuns in the Red Sea port city of Hodeida.

Cool Root leads England to epic win over South Africa | Reuters

MUMBAI England’s Joe Root hit a sparkling 83 to lead them to the highest-ever run chase in World Twenty20 cricket and a dramatic two-wicket victory over South Africa in Group One on Friday.

England laboured in the field as South Africa racked up a huge total of 229-4 but an explosive knock by opener Jason Roy gave them momentum and Root struck six fours and four sixes to kick-start their campaign after an opening loss to West Indies.

Roy smashed 43 off 16 balls and Root led England to their highest ever Twenty20 total, with another gem of an innings from the 25-year-old.

“The fact that we can pull off performances like that with the bat will give us a lot of confidence for the rest of this group stage and hopefully further on in the tournament,” Root, still wearing his pads, told reporters.

“There is no better feeling than winning a game when you are up against it. I can’t wait to get back in the dressing room and celebrate with the rest of the boys.”

South Africa, one of the favourites for the tournament, raced to 96-0 after seven overs as Hashim Amla and Quinton de Kock made quickfire fifties in an explosive opening stand.

De Kock, who thrashed David Willey for 20 in the third over, hit seven fours and three sixes during his 24-ball knock before he fell to off-spinner Moeen Ali.

Amla, who was dropped on nine by Reece Topley off Ali, hit the same number of boundaries before falling to the off-spinner.

JP Duminy (54 not out) and David Miller (28 not out) provided the finishing touches for South Africa with an unbroken fifth-wicket stand of 60.

ROLLICKING START

Roy and Alex Hales gave England, the 2010 champions, a rollicking start, plundering 48 runs from 15 deliveries before both fell to paceman Kyle Abbott.

England looked to maintain their tempo but leg-spinner Imran Tahir pegged them back with 1-28 in his four overs.

Root, however, was imperious in his 44-ball knock and added 75 for the fifth wicket with Jos Buttler (21), bringing the sizeable crowd to their feet.

England needed one run to win from the final over but lost the wickets of Jordan and Willey before Moeen struck the winning run with two balls to spare.

South Africa, who have never won a major global one-day tournament, play on Sunday against Afghanistan who are also England’s next opponents on Wednesday.

(Editing by Pritha Sarkar and Ken Ferris)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

Zuma friends ‘victims of xenophobia’

The wealthy South African family accused of wielding undue influence through links to President Zuma says it has been the victim of “xenophobic and hate speech”.

Chidambaram challenges govt to unearth undisclosed assets of his son

Former Union minister P Chidambaram on Sunday challenged both the AIADMK-led Tamil Nadu government and the Central government led by the BJP to unearth any undisclosed assets of his son Karti Chidambaram. For two days last week, Parliament was disrupted on the issue of alleged assets of Karti with the AIADMK and parties like Biju Janata Dal demanding a thorough probe and action against the former minister’s son. Even, last Wednesday, the Lok Sabha had a discussion on the issue with Finance Minister Arun Jaitley telling the house and there are “no holy cows” for the government to protect and that action would be taken against anyone found guilty “howsoever important” one may be.<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>In a statement issued here, Chidambaram said that if the government is of the view that Karti has alleged undisclosed assets he would ask it to make a list in this regard and his son will voluntarily execute any document necessary to transfer such assets to it for a nominal consideration of Re 1. It was reported that the recent raids by the Enforcement Directorate and Income Tax in the Aircel-Maxis scam have revealed that Karti had made investments in real estates and engaging in other business activities in 14 countries, including the US, UK, France, Dubai, South Africa, Philippines, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, British Virgin Island, Switzerland, Greece and Spain.Chidambaram said, Karti runs a legitimate business, apart from managing inherited property. “He has been an income tax assessee for many years. He has duly and regularly filed his income tax return, including a statement of assets and liabilities, every year. The assessments have been completed upto AY 2013-14 by the Income-tax department,” he added, taking strong objection to news reports. He said Karti’s assets and liabilities have been duly disclosed in his tax returns, asserting that he has no undisclosed asset anywhere and his business was fully compliant with the laws and regulations of the Income-tax department and of all other regulatory authorities concerned.He further said, Karti was being targeted only because of being his son. ” I understand the political motive behind the accusations and the timing of the story. I have nothing but pity for those who make these false accusations. Ultimately, truth will prevail,” he added.

Warner, Maxwell set record in Australia win | Reuters

JOHANNESBURG A record stand from David Warner and Glenn Maxwell helped Australia secure a last-ball, five-wicket victory over South Africa in the second Twenty20 International at The Wanderers on Sunday.

South Africa posted 204 for seven on a flat batting wicket and were on top when they reduced the tourists to 32-3 in their reply.

Yet Warner (77 from 40 balls) and Maxwell (75 from 43) staged a remarkable fightback with a Twenty20 Australian record partnership for any wicket of 161 to take their side close to victory.

Needing two from the final delivery of the innings from seamer Kagiso Rabada, Australia’s Mitchell Marsh bludgeoned the ball down the ground and was able to scramble the runs his side needed to level the three-game series at 1-1.

Warner and Maxwell’s stand fell just short of the world record of 171 set by New Zealand’s Kane Williamson and Martin Guptill against Pakistan in January.

The pair were particularly severe on leg-spinner Imran Tahir and seamer David Wiese, who went for 105 in their combined eight overs.

The only consolation for South Africa was the successful return of fast bowler Dale Steyn (2-32 from four overs), who is trying to prove his fitness ahead of the World Twenty20 in India, which starts on Tuesday.

The home side’s innings was anchored by Faf du Plessis, who smashed 79 from 41 balls, with fine cameos from Quinton de Kock (44) and David Miller (33).

James Faulkner proved the pick of the Australian bowlers with 3-28 from his four overs.

The final match of the three-game series will be played in Cape Town on Wednesday.

(Reporting by Nick Said; editing by Toby Davis)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

Two lions, 110 vultures poisoned at South Africa’s Kruger park

Johannesburg: Suggesting a new poaching trend in the heavily-guarded reserve, two lions and over 100 vultures in South Africa’s Kruger National Park died after eating the poisoned carcass of an elephant, officials said on Tuesday.

File image of vultures feeding on a carcass near Kruger National Park in South Africa. GETTY IMAGES

File image of vultures feeding on a carcass near Kruger National Park in South Africa. GETTY IMAGES

“It seems poachers have resorted to wildlife poisoning in the national parks and other protected areas in Southern Africa,” Glenn Phillips, the park’s managing executive, said in a statement.

It was unclear when the poisoning occurred, but the animals’ carcasses were discovered by rangers at the weekend.

Initial investigations showed the elephant was shot in the head, its tusks removed and its carcass laced with poison.

Two lions, 110 white-back vultures and two jackals then died after feeding on the poisoned carcass. The poisoning left authorities puzzled as to the poachers’ultimate target. Tusks and horns are smuggled to eastern Asian countries where they are highly prized.

Park spokesman William Mabasa said vultures are also in demand from traditional healers or sangomas in South Africa.

Poisoning of wildlife has occurred at a lower level in South Africa compared to its neighbours Zimbabwe and
Mozambique.

In Zimbabwe, more than 370 elephants have died after being poisoned over the past two years, with the deaths blamed on poachers.

Last year, an elephant, four African lions and 46 vultures also died from poisoning in the Kruger National Park.

The park, which is faced with a poaching crisis targeting rhino, is one of the most heavily-protected in the country.

Rangers are equipped with infra-red binoculars to try and catch poachers who normally operate at night.

AFP

Biking culture growing in India: Dougie Lampkin

English professional motorcycle endurocross rider Dougie Lampkin said India is witnessing a growing culture for biking.Lampkin, who was in Goa to attend the India Bike Week (IBW), told reporters on saturday that the enthusiasm of participants at the juncture is a reflection of country’s growing biking culture.”It was an absolutely thrilling experience to have been a part of India Bike Week-2016. Goa is a beautiful place, with beautiful people. It was great to see so many motorcycling enthusiasts together and that truly reflected the growing culture for biking in India,” Lampkin said.<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The two-day event held at Arpora village in North Goa concluded yesterday which saw as many as 90 biking shows.”I now understand why IBW is mentioned as the ultimate biker’s paradise and while it is great to see the culture for biking take root in the country, I am honoured to have been a part,” Lampkin, who was on his maiden visit to India, said.Founder & CEO of 70 Event Media Group, which organised the event along with Lifestyle Channel Fox Life and Shell Advance, Martin Da Costa said in its fourth iteration, IBW witnessed thousands of riders migrate in from across domestic and most importantly from international borders like Australia, South Africa, Malaysia, UK and Germany.The highlight of the concluding day was ‘IBW Great Migration’ that saw over 20 national biking clubs participate at an exclusive parade through the IBW Main Street where bikers from Bangalore, Mumbai, Surat, Ahmedabad, Kolhapur, Kerala showcased their rides through one of the longest constructed parade routes.Another exciting event was IBW National Stunt Championship which witnessed participation of over eight teams, and featured competition of one of the most challenging and disciplined forms of biking, he said.Team from Mumbai called ‘I STUNT’ emerged as the winner of the event.On the concluding day, India’s first ever official Hard Enduro event was held which saw an overwhelming response of over 60 participants through amateur Moto Cross riders from across India.

Tanzanian woman assaulted: Contempt for Africans has always been part of our narrow mindset

No campus erupted in shrill protest against the mob that stripped a Tanzanian student in Bengaluru and paraded her.

Because she is black.

No Women’s association called for a dharna and demanded action.

Because she is black.

The great social platforms of Twitter and Facebook received no trains so to speak.

Because she was black.

No real-time rallying for the righteous, which is such a popular sport. Of course, we are racist. We have always been racist. It is part of our casteist culture that we need to look down on someone even as we look up to our ‘betters.’ This attitude confirms our affection for hierarchy.

Protests after the assault of a Tanzanian student in Bengaluru. PTI

Protests after the assault of a Tanzanian student in Bengaluru. PTI

In 1971, when I was a reporter with The Times of India in Delhi, the Commonwealth Youth delegation arrived with 16 white people and two black British delegates. I vividly recall Simon — one of them — telling me how he found it odd that not one Indian family invited these two to their homes, while happily hosting the other 16. In the two weeks they stayed in India, they never saw the inside of an Indian home. Par for the course.

Nothing has changed, Simon, we still won’t invite you, mate, you embarrass us.

In Mumbai, I had a very close friend from Uganda and whenever we would go out for a movie or into a shop, we would run a gauntlet of leering, sneering men. They would often give me that wink-wink, nod-nod grin as if to say, yaar mazaa le raha hai. It was so mind-bogglingly offensive. And Rona would turn to me and say, you people have a major problem, you actually feel superior.

Much of it is the fear of the stereotype. Africans, to us, are either into drugs or selling counterfeit currency or engaged in some scam. The men are horny and dangerous, the women cheap floozies. We don’t have to respect them, they are African. We are also deathly afraid of them, physically and sexually. Brainwashed by films and books, we see a black person on a street and we are reflexively scared.

Fear is a major element in spurring the contempt.

I had gone to South Africa to interview Nelson Mandela and the Indian community there has rightfully earned the wrath of the blacks. Their contempt for their darker brethren is pure bigotry. It is staggering to witness Indian prejudice slosh about in Africa — thick as soup. Even Mahatma Gandhi had been accused of showing disdain.

For years, the Indians across the continent conned the locals and saw them as inferior. The classic case related is of a shopkeeper who would sell one shoe to the natives and then the second after a week thereby doubling the price.

We call them habshis. We do, stop pretending we don’t.

My friend married an African-American in Houston. Stunning sculpture in ebony and a scientist to boot. Brought her home as a surprise for his family.

“Look Mum, your daughter-in-law”.

Mum rolled into bed, clutched her chest and rocked to the tune of “Woe is me”.

The neighbours fell over with laughter, “Ah, such comeuppance!”.

The couple left in two days and never came back again.

The state government is pretending it is not such a big deal, mobs are mobs, boys are boys.

Union Minister for Law Sadananada Gowda has called for the state to keep a close watch on those shifty foreign students.

The public doesn’t give a whistle in the wind, they are only Africans.

Parading a naked African in public for being in the wrong place at the wrong time, because the equation is simple: Aren’t they naked half the time anyway? What’s the big deal?

This is the mindset in a coloured nation and it is abhorrent.

It is for this reason that I refused to shake hands with film star Shah Rukh Khan, not that he cared… for selling fairness cream. Any man who makes money from pigmentation and feels no moral guilt in equating worth with skin colour doesn’t get my vote.

Part of the same package.

Hunting for buried treasure with Thomas Piketty

There are plenty of hidden stashes of precious data to be found here in India, according to rock star economist Thomas Piketty.

Captain Cook steadies England after De Kock ton | Reuters

PRETORIA England’s captain Alastair Cook posted his first half-century of the series against South Africa with an unbeaten 67 as they finished on 138 for two, still 337 runs behind, at the close on the second day of the final test on Saturday.

Cook and Joe Root (31 not out) added 60 for the third wicket at Centurion Park as England, who have won the series, look to get close to the hosts’ first-innings total of 475 on a pitch starting to show variable bounce.

Cook is 50 short of becoming the first England batsman to reach 10,000 test runs. The touring side had lost opener Alex Hales (15) cheaply before tea when he guided a wide delivery from Kagiso Rabada to Dane Piedt at point for another soft dismissal.

Nick Compton (19) became Rabada’s second victim when he fell lbw to a delivery that never got more than a foot off the ground from good length.

South Africa wicketkeeper Quinton de Kock earlier reached his maiden test century with a fluent unbeaten 129 from 128 balls before running out of partners. De Kock smashed 17 fours and two sixes in a mixture of finesse and a brutal attack on the bowling.

“It was alright. I got a bit lucky with one or two dropped catches but I’ll take it. Hundreds don’t come around often,” De Kock told reporters.

“I just play it as I see it. If it’s in my area I will try to hit it. That’s the way I play for my franchise and it’s no different here.” England, after picking up the wickets of Temba Bavuma (35) and Rabada (0) early in the morning session, the tourists may have expected to run through the South Africa tail.

But a stand of 50 for the eighth wicket between De Kock and Kyle Abbott (16), and 82 for the ninth with Piedt (19), kept the England in the field until 40 minutes before tea. Frustration for the touring side was exacerbated by dropped catches, including two off De Kock.

England all-rounder Ben Stokes continued his fine tour with bat and ball as he finished the South Africa innings with figures of 4-86. “It was hard work, every time we got a wicket they seemed to get back in it,” Stokes said. “Too many chances went down as well, we really let them off the hook.”

(Editing by Ken Ferris)

This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed.

Twitter hit by sporadic outages in many parts of globe | Reuters

(function (d) {
var js, s = d.getElementsByTagName(‘script’)[0];
js = d.createElement(‘script’);
js.async = true;
js.src = ‘//cdn.teads.tv/media/format.js’;
s.parentNode.insertBefore(js, s);
})(window.document);
<!– FP CRONTAB –>

Arsenal back on top of table after goalless draw at Stoke | Reuters

(function (d) {
var js, s = d.getElementsByTagName(‘script’)[0];
js = d.createElement(‘script’);
js.async = true;
js.src = ‘//cdn.teads.tv/media/format.js’;
s.parentNode.insertBefore(js, s);
})(window.document);
<!– FP CRONTAB –>

dna morning must reads: From details surfacing about Pathankot attack to BCCI approaching Justice Mudgal

1. Pathankot attack: Binoculars used by terrorists have US Army markings, reveals NIAThe binoculars used by the six Pathankot militants were made in USA and have US Army markings, says a report in a news daily.This suggests that either the Jaish-e-Mohammad stole them from one of the bases of US Army in Afghanistan or it was taken from Pakistan army, which also procures military equipment from the US, it adds. Read more here<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>2. Al-Qaeda attack on Burkina Faso hotel kills 20At least 20 people have been killed and another 15 wounded in an ongoing Al-Qaeda attack on a hotel in the capital of Burkina Faso popular with United Nations staff and westerners. Read more here3. Celebs react: Should child rapists be tattooed or chemically castrated?There have been many discussions on how child rapists should be punished with various punitive measures, including chemical castration, being suggested. A new way of punishing child rapists has entered the fray. Read more here4. Here’s how a public art project is raising awareness about young girls lost to sex trafficking“The first step to stop trafficking is Prevention,” says Kolkata-based acclaimed photographer and installation artist, Leena Kejriwal. To do so, she has established Missing, a public art project that aims to create awareness about missing girls who are lost to sex trafficking. Read more here5. BCCI to approach Justice Mudgal for conduct of World T20 matches in DelhiAfter conducting the final Test between India and South Africa last month, Justice (Retd) Mukul Mudgal is going to have his hands full as the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is, in all likelihood, going to approach him to take charge of the Ferozeshah Kotla premises during the ICC World T20 matches here. Read more here

Cook and De Villiers lead calls for ICC to protect tests | Reuters

(function (d) {
var js, s = d.getElementsByTagName(‘script’)[0];
js = d.createElement(‘script’);
js.async = true;
js.src = ‘//cdn.teads.tv/media/format.js’;
s.parentNode.insertBefore(js, s);
})(window.document);
<!– FP CRONTAB –>

India’s industrial output suffers sharpest fall since Oct 2011 | Reuters

(function (d) {
var js, s = d.getElementsByTagName(‘script’)[0];
js = d.createElement(‘script’);
js.async = true;
js.src = ‘//cdn.teads.tv/media/format.js’;
s.parentNode.insertBefore(js, s);
})(window.document);
<!– FP CRONTAB –>

Bale gives Zidane flying start, Messi lifts Barca | Reuters

(function (d) {
var js, s = d.getElementsByTagName(‘script’)[0];
js = d.createElement(‘script’);
js.async = true;
js.src = ‘//cdn.teads.tv/media/format.js’;
s.parentNode.insertBefore(js, s);
})(window.document);
<!– FP CRONTAB –>

Amla quits as South Africa test captain | Reuters

(function (d) {
var js, s = d.getElementsByTagName(‘script’)[0];
js = d.createElement(‘script’);
js.async = true;
js.src = ‘//cdn.teads.tv/media/format.js’;
s.parentNode.insertBefore(js, s);
})(window.document);
<!– FP CRONTAB –>

Porous Indo-Banladesh border to be sealed by 2016, says Rajnath Singh

Rajnath will inspect the Sonahat border outpost in Dhubri and take part in a sainik sammellan on Monday.

<!– –>

0
0
9

TOP
<!– /.block –>TOP <!– /.block –>
<</h2>
Mexico mayor’s killing a threat to others: Governor <!– /.block –>
<!– /.block –>
<!– /.block –>
<!– /.block –>
Also ReadIndiaIndian consulate in Afghan city Mazar- i-Sharif attackedIndiaPathankot attacks: Security lapses proved fatalIndiaPathankot attacks: Inputs about specially trained fighters sent from Kashmir three days before attackIndiaAIMMM gets is first woman executive memberIndiaBombay High Court slams Maharashtra govt for kicking out law officers to make room for croniesIndiaFresh strikes by terrorists, flip-flop by ministers expose Pathankot fiasco <!– /.block –>

<!– /#sidebar-second –>South Africa shell-shocked after Ben Stokes’ fireworks, admits Dean Elgar<!– /.block –>Mexico mayor’s killing a threat to others: Governor<!– /.block –> <!– /#content_bottom –>
<!– /11440465/DNA_Article_Desktop_970x90_BTF –><!– /.block –><!– /11440465/DNA_Article_Tablet_728x90_BTF –><!– /.block –> <!– /#bottom_bar –>

<!– footer start –>

Partner site: Zee News
©2016 Diligent Media Corporation Ltd.

<!– footer end –>
<!– ExpCom CGP –>

Former CM Omar Abdullah says tricolour & state flag will fly in J&K as long as it is part of India

Omar dismissed a news channel’s tirade saying he had “never craved” for any certificate of patriotism “from the likes of him anyway(.) So no big deal. “I’d rather a tirade based on facts than a campaign based on wilful ignorance & propaganda,” he added.

PTI
Info

<!– –>

0
0
5

TOP
<!– /.block –>TOP <!– /.block –>
<</h2>
Coal India output surpasses target in December at 52.07MT <!– /.block –>
<!– /.block –>
<!– /.block –>
<!– /.block –>
Also ReadIndiaFrom Khemka promotion to Censor Board revamp: Four things Govt got right on Day 1IndiaJammu and Kashmir: Youths protests against killing of militants in Pulwama, clash with security forcesIndiaOdd-Even Rule: Here’s what social media thought of Kejriwal’s planIndiaDelhi’s odd-even scheme will not work in Goa, says Manohar ParrikarIndiaJammu and Kashmir HC stays single bench order on state flag issueIndiaMamata’s ex-chief secretary obstructed development work in West Bengal, alleges Babul Supriyo <!– /.block –>

<!– /#sidebar-second –>South Africa hire services of their legend to turn things around<!– /.block –>Coal India output surpasses target in December at 52.07MT<!– /.block –> <!– /#content_bottom –>
<!– /11440465/DNA_Article_Desktop_970x90_BTF –><!– /.block –><!– /11440465/DNA_Article_Tablet_728x90_BTF –><!– /.block –> <!– /#bottom_bar –>

<!– footer start –>

Partner site: Zee News
©2016 Diligent Media Corporation Ltd.

<!– footer end –>
<!– ExpCom CGP –>

© 2017 Yuva Sai Sagar. Theme by Anders Norén.